THE

BATTLE ABBEY ROLL

WITH SOME

ACCOUNT OF THE NORMAN LINEAGES.

BY THE

DUCHESS OF CLEVELAND

 

 

LONDON :

JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET.

1889.

LONDON :

PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, LIMITED,

STAMFORD STREET AND CHARING CROSS.

 

 

HOLINSHED'S

DUCHESNE'S

A

Aumarle

Aumerle

Aincourt

Audeley

Audeley

Adgillam

Angilliam

Argentoune

Argentoun

Arundell

Arundell

Auenant

Auenant

Abell

Abel

Auuerne

Aunwers

Avvgers

Angers

Angenoun

Angenoun

Archer

Archere

Anuay

Asperuile

Asperuile

Abbeuile

Amonerduile Arey

Andeuile

Amouerduile

Arcy and Akeny

Arey

Akeny

Albeny

Aybeuare

Amay

Aspermound

Amerenges

B

Bertram

Bertram

Buttecourt

Buttecourt

Brebus and Byseg

Broehus

Byseg

Bardolfe

Bardolf

Basset and Bigot

Basset

Bohun

Bohun

Bailif

Baylife

Bondeuile

Bondeuile

Brabason

Barbason

Baskeruile

Beer

Bures

Bures

Bounilaine

Bonylayne

Bois

Botelere

Bourcher

Brabaion

Barbayon

Berners

Berners

Braibuf

Braybuf

Brande and Bronce

Brand

Bonuile

Burgh

Burgh

Bushy

Busshy

Banet

Blondell

Blundell

Breton

Breton

Belasyse

Bowser

Bluat and Baious

Bayons

Bulmere

Browne

Broune

Beke

Beke

Bickard

Bowlers

Banastre

Banestre

Baloun

Belomy

Belknape

Beauchampe

Beauchamp

Bray and Bandy

Bandy

Bracy

Boundes

Bascoun

Broilem

Broleuy

Broyleby

Burnell

Burnel

Bellet

Belot

Beufort

Baudewin

Baudewine

Beaumont

Burdon

Burdon

Berteuilay

Bertevyley

Barre

Barte

Busseuille

Busseuile

Blunt

Blunt

Beaupere

Beawper

Beuill

Barduedor

Brette

Bret

Barrett

Barret

Bonrett

Bainard

Barniuale

Barneuale

Bonett

Barry

Barry

Bryan

Bodin

Bodyt

Beteuile

Berteuile

Bertin

Bertine

Bereneuile

Bellewe

Belew

Beuery

Busshell

Buschell

Boranuille

Browe

Beleuers

Beleners

Buffard

Buffard

Boteler

Boteler

Bonueier

Botteuile

Botuile

Bellire

Bastard

Bainard

Brasard

Brasard

Beelhelme

Belhelme

Braine

Brent

Braunch

Braunche

Belesuz

Bolesur

Blundell

Blundel

Burdet

Burdet

Bagott

Bigot

Beaupount

Beauuise

Belemis

Beisin

Bernon

 

Boels

Bools

Belefroun

Belefroun

Brutz

Barchampe

Barchampe

C

Camois

Camos

Camuile

Chanuille

Chawent

Chawent

Chauncy

Chancy

Conderay

Conderay

Coluile

Coluile

Chamberlaine

Chamberlaine

Chamburnoun

Chambernoune

Comin

Columber

Cribett

Cribet

Creuquere

Corbine

Corbine

Corbett

Corbet

Coniers

Chaundos

Chaundos

Coucy

Chaworth

Chaworthe

Cleremaus

Claremaus

Clarell

Clarell

Chopis

Camnine

Chaunduit

Chaunduyt

Claruays

Chantelow

Chantilowe

Chamberay

Colet

Cressy

Cressy

Courtenay

Courtenay

Conestable

Constable

Chancer

Cholmeley

Cholmelay

Corleuile

Champney

Champeney

Carew

Chawnos

Chawnos

Comiuile

Claruaile

Champaine

Champain

Careuile

Carbonelle

Carbonell

Charles

Charles

Chereberge

Chareberge

Chawnes

Chawnes

Chaumont

Chawmont

Caperoun

Cheine

Cheyne

Curson

Cursen

Couille

Conell

Chaiters

Chayters

Cheines

Cheynes

Cateray

Cateray

Cherecourt

Cherecourt

Cammile

Chaunuile

Clerenay

Clereney

Curly

Curly

Cuily

Clinels

Chaundos

Courteney

Clifford

Clyfford

D

Denauille

Deauuile

Dercy

Dercy

Diue

Dine

Dispencere

Dispencer

Daubeny

Daniell

Daniel

Denise and Druell

Denysc

Druell

Deuaus

Devaus

Dauers

Dauers

Dodingsels

Doningsels

Darell

Darell

Delaber

Delabere

Delapole

De la Pole

Delalinde

De la Lind

Delahill

De la Hill

Delaware

De la Wate

Delauache

De la Watche

Dakeny

Dakeny

Dauntre

Dauntre

Desny

Desuye

Dabernoune

Dabernoune

Damry

Damry

Daueros

Daueros

Dauonge

Duilby

Delauere

De la Vere

Delahoid

Durange

Delee

De Liele

Delaund

Delaward

De la Warde

Delaplanch

De la Planch

Damnot

Danway

Danway

Dehense

De Hewse

Deuile

Disard

Disard

Doiuile

Durant

Durant

Drury

Diury

Dabitot

Dunsteruile

Dunchampe

Dambelton

E

Estrange

Estrange

Estuteuille

Estutauille

Escriols

Engaine

Engayne 

Estriels

Ewers

Esturney

Esturney

F

Ferrerers

Foluile

Foluile

Fitz Water

Fitz Water

Fitz Marmaduke

Fitz Marmadux

Fleuez

Filberd

Fiberd

Fitz Roger

Fitz Roger

Fitz Robert

Fauecourt

Fanecourt

Ferrers

Fitz Philip

Fitz Philip

Filiot

Furniueus

Furniueus

Fitz Otes

Fitz William

Fitz William

Fitz Roand

Fitz Pain

Fitz Paine

Fitz Auger

Fitz Aleyn

Fitz Alyne

Fitz Rauff

Fitz Raulfe

Fitz Browne

Fitz Browne

Fouke

Foke

Freuil

Freuile

Front de Boef

Facunberge

Faconbrige

Fort

Frisell

Frissell

Fitz Simon

Fitz Fouk

Filioll

Filioll

Fitz Thomas

Fitz Thomas

Fitz Morice

Fitz Morice

Fitz Hugh

Fitz Hugh

Fitz Henrie

Fitz Waren

Fitz Warren

Fitz Rainold

Flamuile

Faunuile

Formay

Formay

Fitz Eustach

Fitz Laurence

Formibaud

Formiband

Frisound

Frison

Finere and Fitz Robert

Finer

Fitz Vrey

Furniuale

Furniuall

Fitz Geffrey

Fitz Herbert

Fitzs Herbert

Fitz Peres

Fichet

Fitz Rewes

Fitz Fitz

Fitz John

Fitz John

Fleschampe

G

Gurnay

Gargraue

Gressy

Graunson

Graunson

Gracy

Gracy

Georges

Glanuile

Gower

Gorier

Gaugy

Goband

Gascoyne

Gray

Gray

Gaunson

Golofre

Golofer

Gobion

Grensy

Grauns

Graunt

Greile

Greuet

Gurry

Gurly

Gorky

Grammori

Gernoun

Grendon

Gurdon

Gurdon

Gines

Griuil

Greneuile

Glateuile

Gurney

Giffard

Gouerges

Gamages

Gamages

Gaunt

H

Haunteny

Haunsard

Hansard

Hastings

Hastings

Hanlay

Haulay

Haurell

Husee

Hercy

Husie

Herioun

Herne

Herne

Harecourt

Henoure

Houell

Hamelin

Hamelyn

Harewell

Harewell

Hardell

Hardel

Hakett

Hecket

Hamound

Hamound

Hareord

Harecord

I

Iarden

Iarden

Iay

Iay

Ieniels

Iereonuise

Ianuile

Ianuile

Iasperuile

Iasparuilc

K

Kauai

Karre

Karre

Karrowe

Karron

Koine

Kimaronne

Kiriell

Kyriell

Kancey

Kenelre

L

Lestrange

Loueny

Leuony

Lacy

Linneby

Latomer

Latomere

Loueday

Loueday

Logenton

Louell

Leuel

Lescrope

Lemare

Lemare

Leuetot

Littcrile

Lucy

Lucy

Luny

Lislay, or Liele

Logeuile

Longespes

Longspes

Louerace

Longechampe

Lonschampe

Lascales

Lastels

Lacy

Lindsey

Louan

Leded

Luse

Loterell

Loterel

Loruge

Longuaile

Longeuale

Lewawse

Loy

Loy

Lorancourt

Loions

Limers

Longepay

Laumale

Laue

Lane

Le Despenser

Louvetot

M

Mohant

Mowne

Maundeuile

Marmilon

Marmilon

Moribray

Moribray

Moruile

Moruile

Miriell

Manlay

Manley

Malebraunch

Malebranche

Malemaine

Malemaine

Mortimere

Muschampe

Musgraue

Mesni•le•Villers

Mortimaine

Mortmaine

Muse

Muse

Marteine

Marteine

Mountbother

Mountbocher

Mountsoler

Maleuile

Maleuile

Malet

Mounteney

Mounteney

Monfichet

Maleherbe

Maleherbe

Mare

Musegros

Musgros

Musard

Musard

Moine

Montravers

Mautrauers

Merke

Merke

Murres

Murres

Mortiuale

Monchenesy

Mallory

Marny

Mountagu

Montagu

Mountford

Maule

Monhermon

Musett

Meneuile

Manteuenant and Manfe

Menpincoy

Maine

Mainard

Morell

Mainell

Maleluse

Memorous

Morreis

Morleian Maine

Maleuere

Montalent

Maudut

Mandate

Mountmarten

Mantelet

Manic

Miners

Malory

Mauclerke

Merny

Maunehenell

Mouet

Meintenore

Muffet

Meletak

Manuile

Mangisere

Maumasin

Mountlouel

Mawreward

Monhaut

Meller

Mountgomerie

Manlay

Maulard

Menpincoy

Mainard

Mainard

Menere

Morel!

Martinast

Mare

Morley Mountmartin

yners Manley

Mainwaring

Mainwaring

Matelay

Malemis

Mantel!

Maleheire

Moren

Melun

Marceaus

Maid

Mayel

Morton

Morton

N

Noers

Neuile

Neuile

Newmarch

Neumarche

Norton

Norbet

Norbet

Norice

Norece

Newborough

Newborough

Neiremet

Neile

Neele

Normauile

Normanuile

Neofmarch

Nermitz

Nembrutz

O

Oteuell

Otenel

Olibef

Olibef

Olifant

Olifaunt

Osenel

Oisell

Oysell

Olifard

Oliford

Orinall

Orioll

Oryoll

P

Pigot

Pigot

Pery

Pecy

Perepount

Perecount

Pershale

Pershale

Power

Power

Painell

Paynel

Perche and Pauey

Peche

Peurell

Peuerell

Perot

Perot

Picard

Picard

Pudsey

Pinkenie

Pomeray

Pimeray

Pounce

Pounsey

Pauely

Paifrere

Plukenet

Phuars

Punchardoun Pinchardon

Pinchard

Pynchard

Placy

 Placy

Pugoy

Patefine

Patine

Place

Pampilioun

Pampilion

Percelay

Perere and Pekeny

Poterell

Poterell

Peukeney

Pekeney

Perwinke

Peccell

Pinell

Putrill

Petiuoll

Preaus

Pantolf

Peito

Penecord

Penicord

Prendirlegast

Perciuale

Q

Quinci

Quincy

Quintiny

Quintine

R

Ros

Rose

Ridell

Ridle

Riuers

Riuell

Rynel

Rous

Rous

Rushell

Russel

Raband

Ronde

Rond

Rie

Rokell

Risers

Randuile

Roselin

Rastoke

Rinuill

Rougere

S

Souch

Seuche

Sheuile

Seucheus

Senclere

Sent Quintin

Seint Quintine

Sent Omere

Seint Omer

Sent Amond

Seint Amand

Sent Legere

Seint Leger

Someruile

Soueruile

Siward

Saunsouere

Sanford

Sanford

Sanctes

Sauay

Saulay

Sules

Sorell

Somerey

Somery

Sent John

Sent George

Seint George

Sent Les

Seint Les

Sesse

Saluin

Sauine

Say

Solers

Saulay

Seint Clo

Sent Albin

Seint Albino

Sent Martin

Sourdemale

Seguin

Sent Barbe

Seinte Barbe

Sent Vile

Souremount

Soreglise

Sanduile

Sandeuile

Sauncey

Sirewast

Sent Cheueroll

Sent More

Seint More Seint

Sent Scudemore

Scudemor

T

Toget

Tows

Toget

Talybois

Tercy

Tuchet

Tuchet

Tracy

Truslot

Trousbut

Trusbut

Trainell

Traynel

Taket

Taket

Trussel and Trisoun

Talbot

Talbot

Touny Traies Tollemach

Tolous

Tanny

Tanny

Touke

Tibtote

Tibtote

Trussell

Turbeuile

Turbeuill

Turuile

Turuile

Tomy and Tauerner

Trencheuile

Trenchelion

Tankeruile

Tirell

Triuet

Tolet

Trauers

Tardeuile

Turburuile

Tineuille

Torell

Torel

Tauers

Tortechappell

Torel

Trusbote

Treuerell

Tirell

Tenwis

Totelles

Totels

Tauerner

V

Vere

Vernoun Vescy

Verdoune

Valence

Valence

Verdeire

Vancord

Vauasour

Vauasour

Vendore

Vender

Verlay

Verder

Valenger

Verdon

Venables

Aubrie de Vere

Venoure

Vernoun

Vilan

Verland

Verland

Valers

Verlay

Vernois

Veirny

Verny

Vauuruile

Vilan

Veniels

Vmframuile

Verrere

Vschere

Veffay

Vanay

Vian

Vernoys

Vrnall

Vnket

Vnket

Vrnall

Vrnafull

Vasderoll

Vaberon

Valingford

Venicorde

Valiue

Viuille

Vancorde and

Valenges

W

Wardebois

Ward

Wafre

Wake

Wake

Waledger

Warde

Wardebus

Wareine

Waren

Wate

Wate

Watelin

Wateline

Wateuil

Wateuile

Wely

Woly

Werdonell

Wespaile

Wiuell

Wyuell

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LELAND'S ROLL.

 

[Alphabetically arranged.]

 

 

 

Aumarill et Deyncourt

Audel et Aungeloun

Argenteyn et Avenele

Sainct Amande et Adryelle

Avenel et S. Amary

Aimeris et Aveneris

 

Bertrem et Buttencourt

Biard et Biford

Bardolf et Basset

Bigot et Boown

Baillof et Bound eville

Briansoun et Baskerville

Burnel et Buttevillain

Bruys et Dispencer

Boys et Boteler

Brabasoun et Bevers

Braund et Baybof

Bruys et Burgh

Bavent et Bussy

Bretonn et Blundet

Baius et Bluett

Banestre et Bekard

Bealum et Beauchamp

Baudyn et Bray

Burdet et Boroun

Baudewyn et Beaumont

Blundet et Burdoun

Barray et Bretevile

Blounte et Boseville

Benny et Boyvile

Broth et Barbedor

Baret et Bourte

Byngard et Bernevale

Bonet et Barry

Brian et Bidin

Buscel et Bevery

Bernevile et Bretevile

Belew et Berlin

Broy et Bromevile

Bleyn et Breicourt

Busard et Belevile

 

Camoys et Cameville

Chavent et Chauncy

 

 

 

Chaumberlayn et Chaumberoun

Comyn et Columber

Corby et Gorbet

Chaundoys et Chaward

Challouns et Challeys

Clerevabc et Clarel

Chapes et Chaudut

Cauntelow et Coubray

Crescy et Courteny

Constable et Tally

Champeneys et Chanceus

Coursoun et Courtevile

Chartres et Chenil

 

Deyville et Darcy

Daubenay et Deverelle

Denyas et Druel

Delahay et Haunsard

Dodingle et Darell

De Lalaund et de 1'Isle

De la Pole et Pinkeney

De Wake et De la War

De la Marche et De la Mare

Dakeny et Dautre

Diseney et Dabernoun

Damary et Deveroys

Daverenges et Duylly

De la Rivers et Revel

Destraunges et Delatoun

Dulee et De la Laund

De la Valet et Veylauncl

Damot et Damay

Duraunt et Doreny

Disart et Doynell

De la Huse et Howell

 

Estraunge et Estoteville

 

Fererers et Foleville

Fiz Walter et Werdoun

Fenes et Felebert

Fitz Roger et Fitz Robert

Fovecourt et Feniers

Fitz Philip et Fliot

Fourneux ct Fournivaus

 

Fitz Alayne ct Gilcbof

Fitz William et Watcrvilc

Fitz Robert et Fitz Aleyne

Fitz Ralph et Rosel

Fitz Brian et Bracy

Fryville et Fressel

Fitz Rauf et Filiol

Fitz Thomas et Tibol

Fitz Morice et S. More

Fitz Hugh et Fitz Henry

Fitz Arviz et Esturmy

Fitz Raynald et Roscelin

Fitz Marmaduke et Mountrivel

Fitz Eustace et Eustacy

Fermbaud et Frisoun

Fichent et Trivet

 

Gurnay et Greilly

Graunson et Tracy

Gorgeise et Gower

Griketot et Grevequer

Gaunt et Garre

Genevile et Gifard

Gaugy et Gobaude

Gray et Graunson

Galofer et Gubion

Grymward et Geroun

Glancourt et Chaumont

Graundyn et Gerdoun

 

Hautein et Hauville

Hastings et Haulley

Hurell et Husee

Hercy et Heroun

Heryce et Harecourt

Hayward et Henour

Hameline et Hareville

 

Jardin et Jay

 

Kymarays et Kyriel

Kanceis et Kevelers

 

Loveyne et Lascy

Lymesey et Latymer

Lungvilers et S. Ligiere

Loveday et Lovel

Lenias et Levccote

Lascels et Lovein

Longvil ct Longespc

 

 

 

Loverak et Longchaump

Lifford et Oscvilo

Loring et Loterel

Lisours et Longvale

La Muile et Lownay

Liof et Limers

 

Mohaut et Mooun

Morley et Moundevilc

Moubray et Morvile

Menevile et Mauley

Malebuche et Malemayn

Morteine et Mortimer

Muse et Marline

Mountburgh et Mounsorel

Maleville et Malet

Mounfey et Mounfichet

Maleberge et Marre

Mussegros et Musard

Maingun et Montravers

Merkingfel et Mourreis

Montagu et Mountfort

Mautalent et Maudict

Maunys et Meulos

Mortivaux et Monthensy

Mallop et Marny

Maihermer et Muschet

Menyle et Maufe

Maucovenant et Mounpinson

Maoun et Mainard

Malebys et Mounceus

Myriet et Morley

Mauliverer et Mouncy

Mauclerk et Maners

Musteys et Merlay

Mauches et Mascy

Movet et S. Marline

Male Kake et Mauncel

Mangysir et Mauveysin

Maulovel et Maurewarde

 

 

 

Neners et Nereville

Newmarch et Newbet

Neville et Newburgh

Nairmere et Fitz Neel

 

 

 

Otinel et S. Thomer

Onatule et Cheyni

Oysel et Olifard

 

 

Pygot et Percy

Power et Panel, alias Paignel

Peche et Peverelle

Perot et Pykarde

Poynce et Pavely

Paifrer et Plukenet

Peverel et Fitz Payne

Pikard et Pinkadoun

Perpounte et Fitz Peris

Pugoys et Paiteny

Perrers et Pavillioun

Percehay et Pereris

 

Quincy et S. Quintine

Querru et Coigners

 

Ros et Ridel

Ryvers et Ryvel

Rugetius et Fitz Rohaut

Ry et Rokell

Rysers et Reynevil

Rivers et Ripere

 

Soucheville, Coudray et Colleville

S. Cloyis et S. Clere

Sainct Amande et Adryelle

Someraye et Howarde

Saunzaver et Saunford

Sainct Tese et Sauvay

Souley et Soules

Sorel et Somery

S. John et S. Jory

S. Leo et Luscy

Saunzpour et Fitz Simon

Salvayn et Say

Sesee et Solers

Sovereng et Suylly

 

 

 

Surdevale et Sengryn

S. Barbe et Sageville

 

Tregos et Treylly

Tuchet et Trussell

Takel et Talbot

Tourbeville et Tipitot

Thays et Tony

Tuk et Tany

Thorny et Thornille

Tyriet et Turley

Tolimer et Treville

Tourys et Tay

Tingez et Gruyele

Tinel et Traville

Tolet et Tisoun

Tarteray et Chercourt

 

Vipount et Umfraville

Veer et Vinoun

Vuasteneys et Waville

Vescy et Verders

Valence et Vaus

Vavasor et Warroys

Verbois et Wacelay

Vallonis et Vernoun

Vendour et Veroun

Venables et Venour

Vilain et Valeris

Vernoun et Waterville

 

Warenne et Wauncy

Waville et Warley

Waloys et Levele

Wace et Wyvile

Warde et Werlay

Walangay et Fitzwarin

Wemerlay et Wamervile

 

 

 

 

 

 

DIVES ROLL.

 

 

 

Ours d'Abbetot

Roger d'Abernon

Achard

 

Ruaud 1'Adoube

Norman d'Adreci

Engenouf de 1'Aiglc

 

Aioul

 

Bernard d'Alen9on

Guillaume Alis

Geoffroi Alselin

Ilugue L'Ane

Richer d'Andeli

Ansgot

 

Guillaume d'Ansleville

Honfroi d'Ansleville

Fouque d'Appeville

Guillaume L' Archer

Arnoul d'Ardre

David d'Argentan

 

D'Argouges

Guillaume d'Arques

Osberne d'Arques

Robert d'Armentieres

Roger Arundel

Robert d'Auberville

Roger d'Auberville

Sen d'Auberville

Neel d'Aubigny

Guillaume d'Audrieu

Goubert d'Aufay

Robert d'Aumale

Guillaume de 1'Aune

Raoul d'Aunou

 

D'Auvrecher d'Angervillc

Hugue d'Avranches

Rahier d'Avre

Azor

 

Renaud de Bailleul

Geoffroi Bainard

Raoul Baignard

Guinehoud dc Balon

Ilamelin dc Balon

Raoul de Bans

Raoul dc Bapaumes

Robert dc Barbes

Guillaume Basset

 

 

 

Raoul Basset

Robert Le Bastard

Bavent

 

Eude, eveque de Bayeux

Hugue de Beauchamp

Guillaume dc Bcaufou

Richard de Bcaumais

Henri de Beaumont

Goubert de Beauvais

Geoffroi du Bee

Guillaume Belet

Ours de Bercheres

Raoul de Bernai

Hugue de Bernieres

Herve Le Bemirier

Guillaume Bert ran

Neel de Berville

Dreu de La Beuvriere

Richard de Bietifaite

Roger Bigot

Guillaume de Biville

Honfroi de Biville

Guimond de Blangi

Gilbert Le Blond

Guillaume Le Blond

Gilbert de Blosseville

Raoul Blouet

Robert Blouet

Hugue de Bois Hebert

Honfroi de Bohon

Roger Boissel

Hugue de Bolbec

Richard de Bondeville

Guillaume Bonvalet

Guillaume du Bosc

Roger de Bosc Normand

Guillaume de Bosc Roard

Roger de Bosc Roard

Raoul Botin

 

Guillaume de Bourncvillc

Ilugue Bourdet

Robert Bourdet

Fouque Lc Bourguignon

Guillaume de Brai

Hugue de Brebeuf

Auvrai Lc Breton

Roger de Breteuil

 

 

Gilbert cle Bretteville

Osberne clu Breuil

 

De Briqueville

Renier cle Brimou

Guillaume de Briouse

Robert de Brix

Raoul de La Bruiere

Robert de Buci

Gilbert cle Budi

Roger de Bulli

Serlon de Burci

Erneis de Buron

Guillaume de Bursigni

 

Fouque de Caen

Maurin de Caen

Guillaume de Cahaignes

Guillaume de Cailly

Guillaume de Cairon

Geoffroi de Cambrai

 

De Canouville

Carbonnel

 

Guillaume de Cardon

Guillaume de Carnet

Honfroi de Carteret

Mauger de Carteret

Roger de Carteret

Guillaume de Castillon

Guillaume de Ceauce

Eude, comte de Champagne

Robert de Chandos

Roger de Chandos

Raoul de Chartres

Anquetil de Cherbourg

Guillaume La Chevre

Gonfroi de Cioches

Sigar de Cioches

Fouque de Claville

 

De Clinchamps

Gilbert de Colleville

Guillaume de Colleville

Baudoin de Colombieres

Raoul de Colombieres

Renouf de Colombelles

Raoul de Conteville

Robert Corbet

Roger Corbet

Guillaume Corbon

Hugue de Corbon

Ansfroi de Cormeilles

 

 

 

Goscelin cle Cormeilles

Aubri de Couci

Raoul de Courbepine

Robert de Courcelles

Richard de Courcy

Robert de Coupon

Gui de Craon

Mile Crespin

Renaud Croc

Robert Cruel

Honfroi de Culai

Eude Cul de Loup

De Cussy

 

Daniel

Danneville

 

Guillaume de Daumerai

Guillaume Le Despensier

Robert Le Despensier

Beuselin de Dives

Hugue de Dol

Fouque de Douai

Goscelin de Douai

Amauri de Dreux

Herman le Dreux

Guillaume de Durville

 

Hardouin d'Ecalles

 

Ecouland

 

Guillaume d'Ecouis

Richard Engagne

Auvrai d'Espagne

Herve d'Espagne

Guillaume Espec

Raoul L'Estourmi

Richard L'Estourmi

Guillaume d'Eu

Osberne d'Eu

Robert, comte d'Eu

Guillaume, comte d'Evreux

Roger d'Evreux

 

Guillaume de Falaise

Guillaume de Fecamp

Henri de Ferrieres

Robert fils de Geroucl

Guillaume fils d'Osberne

Turstain fils de Rou

Toustain fils d'Unspac

Baudoin Le Flamand

 

 

Eude Le Flamand

Gerboud Le Flamand

Guinemard Le Flamand

Hugue Le Flamand

Josce Le Flamand

Renouf Flambard

(iuillaume Folet

Etienne de Fontenai

Guillaume de La Foret

Neel Fossard

Guillaume de Fougeres

Raoul de Fougeres

Eude de Fourneaux

Raoul Framan

Richard Fresle

 

De Fribois

Robert Froment

 

Raoul de Gael

Gilbert de Gand

Gilbert Gibard

Berenger Giffard

Fouke Giffard

Osberne Giffard

Girard

 

Robert de Glanville

Guillaume Goulaffre

Hugue de Gournai

Neel de Gournai

Anquetil de Grai

Aubert Greslet

Gautier de Grancourt

Hugue de Grentemesnil

Turold de Grenteville

Robert Guernon

Toustain de Guernon

Geoffroi de La Guierche

 

Gautier Hachet

Robert de Harcourt

Raoul de Hauville

Herve d'Helion

 

D'Hericy

Arnoul de Hesdin

Gautier Heuse

Hugue de Hodenc

Hugue de Hoto

 

D'Houdetot

 

Gautier d'Incourt

 

 

 

Raoul de 1'Ile

Achard d'lvri

Hugue d'lvri

Roger d'lvri

 

Gautier de Laci

Hugue de Laci

Ibert de Laci

Roger de Laci

 

Landri

 

Lanfranc

 

Raoul de Languetot

Guillaume de Letre

Raoul de Limesi

Roger de Lisieux

Fouque de Lisors

Bigot de Loges

Robert de Lorz

Guillaume de Loucelles

Guillaume de Louvet

 

Hugue de Maci

 

Durand Malet

 

Gilbert Malet

 

Guillaume Malet

 

Robert Malet

 

Guillaume de Malleville

 

Gilbert Maminot

 

Hugue Maminot

 

Geoffroi de Mandeville

 

Hugue de Manneville

 

Toustain Mantel

 

Guillaume de La Mare

Hugue de La Mare

Geoffroi Le Marechal

Geoffroi Martel

Raoul de Marsi

 

De Mathan

Guillaume Maubenc

Gonfro : Mauduit

Guillaume Mauduit

Geoffroi Maurouard

Richard de Meri

 

Du Merle

 

Auvrai de Merleberge

Robert, comte de Meulan

Baudoin de Meules

Roger de Meules

Hugue de Mobec

( 'ruillaurae de Monceaux

 

 

 

Ansger de Montaigu

Dreu de Montaigu

Hubert de Mont Canisi

Geoffroi de Montbrai

Robert de Montbrai

 

De Montfiquet

Hugue de Montfort

Robert de Montfort

Hugue de Montgomeri

Roger de Montgomeri

Robert, comte de Mortaine

Mathieu de Mortagne

Raoul de Mortemer

Robert des Moutiers

Guillaume de Moyon

Roger de Moyaux

Gautier de Mucedent

Neel de Munneville

Robert Murdac

Hascouf Musard

Hugue Musard

Roger de Mussegros

 

Bernard du Neufmarche

Richard de Neuville

Raoul de Noron

Guillaume de Noyers

 

Roger d'Oistreham

Gautier d'Omontville

Roger d'Orbec

 

D'Orglande

Osmond

Raoul d'Ouilli

Robert d'Ouilli

 

Raoul Painel

Bernard Pancevolt

Guillaume Pantoul

Turould de Papelion

Foucher de Paris

Guillaume de Parthenay

Osberne Pastforeire

Guillaume Peche

Arnoul de Perci

Guillaume de Perci

Geoffroi, comte de la Perche

Guillaume Pevrel

Renouf Pevrel

Roger Picot

 

 

 

Anscoul de Picquigni

Guillaume de Picquigni

Geoffroi de Pierrepont

Renaud de Pierrepont

; Robert de Pierrepont

Raoul Pinel

Raoul Pipin

Roger de Pistres

Guillaume Poignant

Richard Poignant

Guillaume de Poillei

Thierri Pointel

Guernon de Pois

Guillaume Le Poitevin

Roger Le Poitevin

Raoul de La Pommeraie

Robert de Pontchardon

Guillaume de Pont-de-1'Arche

Hubert de Port

Hugue de Port

 

Gui de Rainecourt

Enguerrand de Raimbeaucourt

Gui de Raimbeaucourt

Roger de Rames

 

Ravenot

 

Hugue de Rennes

Guillaume de Reviers

Richard de Reviers

Robert de Rhuddlan

Gautier de Risbou

Goscelin de La Riviere

Robert de Romenel

Vauquelin de Rosai

Anquetil de Ros

Ansgot de Ros

Geoffroi de Ros

Serlo de Ros

Alain Le Roux

Geoffroide Runeville

 

Richard de Sacquenville

Richard de Saint Clair

Roger de Saint Germain

Renaud de Sainte Helene

Toustain de Sainte Helene

Robert de Saint Leger

Bernard de Saint Ouen

 

De Sainte Marie d'Agneaux

Hugue de Saint Quentin

 

 

 

Raoul de Saint Sanson

Gautier de Saint Valeri

Renouf de Saint Valeri

 

Sanson

 

Osberne de Saussai

Raoul de Saussai

Raoul de Savigni

Eude Le Seneschal

Hamon Le Seneschal

Simon de Senlis

Ansger de Senarpont

Guillaume de Sept Meules

Hugue Silvestre

Roger de Sommeri

Richard de Sourdeval

 

Guillaume de Taillebois

Ive de Taillebois

Raoul de Taillebois

Geoffroi Talbot

Richard Talbot

Auvrai de Tanie

Guimond de Tessel

Robert Thaon

Raoul du Theil

Honfroi de Tilleul

 

De Tilly

Toustain Tinel

Gilbert Tison

Berenger de Toeni

Guillaume de Toeni

Ibert de Toeni

Juhel de Toeni

Raoul de Toeni

Robert de Toeni

Renaud de Torteval

 

De Touchet

Geoffroi de Tournai

Raoul de Tourlaville

 

 

 

De Tournebut

Raoul de Tourneville

 

Toustain

Raoul Tranchard

Geoffroi de Trelli

 

Pierre de Valonges

Guillaume de Vatteville

Richard de Vatteville

Robert de Vatteville

Ansfroi de Vaubadon

Osmond de Vaubadon

Renouf de Vaubadon

Guillaume de Vauville

Aitard de Vaux

Robert de Vaux

Ive de Veci

Robert de Veci

Gilbert de Venables

 

De Venois

Guillaume de Ver

Bertran de Verdun

Gautier de Vernon

Huard de Vernon

Richard de Vernon

Hugue de Vesli

Robert de Vesli

 

Le Vicomte

Robert de Villon

Honfroi Vis-de-Loup

Raoul Vis-de-Loup

 

Vital

 

Robert de Vitot

Hugue de Viville

 

Wadard

 

Osberne de Wanci

Guillaume de Warenne

Gilbert de Wissant

 

 

NAMES ADDED TO THIS LIST BY M. DE MAGNY IN THE ‘NOBILIAIRE DE NORMANDIE.'

 

 

Bernard, fils de Herve, due d'Orleans

Alain Fergant, comte de Bretagne

Neel, vicomte -du Cotentin

Odon, eveque de Bayeux

Herbert d'Aigneaux

Eustache d'Ambleville

Avenel des Biards

M artel de Bacqueville

Guillain de Banville

De Barville

De Bay nee

 

Eude de Beaujeu

 

Toussaint du Bee

De Breaute

De Brecey

Hamon de Cayeu

De Chambray

De Courtenay

De Coville

De Creuilly, issu de la race des dues de

Normandie

Doynel

Etienne Erard

D'Espinay

D'Estouteville

 

 

De Folleville

De Gace

Gouhier

Robert Grante

Robert Gruel

Harenc (tige de la maison de Gauville)

Robert de la Haye

De la Haye-Malherbe

Herce

Houel

De Janville

De Malherbe

De Mallebranche

De Mauvoisin

Payen du Montier

De Roumare

De Rupierre

Russel, alias Rozel

De Tancarville

Raoul Tesson

Amaury de Thouars

De Tillieres

De Tracy

D'Unfraville

Guillain de Vieux-Pont

 

 

I have given these exactly as M. de Magny has himself noted them, only omitting the second notice of the Viscount of the Cotentin as "Neel de St. Sauveur." But two of them are not in reality additions ; for Robert Gruel is obviously the same person given in the Dives Roll, more correctly, as Robert Cruel; Toussaint de Bee and Turstain fils de Rou, the standard-bearer at Hastings, are also identical; and I may add that I do not believe any real distinction can be drawn between Herce and He'ricy.

" Dicitur a bello, bellum locus hie, quia bello

Angligenae victi, sunt hie in morte relicti ;

Martyris in Christi festo cecidere Calixti :

Sexagemus erat sextus millesimus annus

Cum pereunt Angli, Stella monstrante comcta."

 

Aumale : in Leland's list Aumarill. This name, altered by habit of speech to Albemarle, was taken from the Norman fief of Aumale, afterwards raised to the rank of a Comt< by William the Conqueror. The castle stood on the river Eu (now called the Bresle) at the point where it divides Normandy from Picardy, and had been built about the year 1000 by Guernifroi, Sire d' Aumale, who also founded the neighbouring Abbey of St. Martin d'Auchi. " Cil ki ert Sire de Aubemare " is included in the Roman de Rou among,

 

" Les Grauntz dela la Mer,

Que vindrent od le Conquerour

William Bastard de graunt vigour,"

 

and fought by his side at Hastings. This was Odo, the disinherited Count of Champagne, then, in right of his wife, Lord of Aumale, of whom the first clear and detailed account yet known has been recently compiled by Mr. Stapleton from the records of the church of St. Martin d'Auchi, commonly called of Aumale. (Collectanea topographica ct gcncalogica, vol. vi. p. 265.) His father, Stephen II., Count of Champagne and Brie, died, in 1047, leaving him a mere child, and " he was immediately dispossessed of his inheritance by his uncle, Thibaut II. ; legally, it would appear, according to the law of that period, which, if the heir of the lordship was not of sufficient age to receive investiture by the ceremony of girding with the sword, authorized the nearest in blood of full age to claim the succession." The Conqueror and his Companions, by J. R. Planche. He took refuge at the court of William of Normandy, who was, as William de Jumieges informs us, his kinsman ; and in due time married the Duke's half-sister Adelizn. She was, though a young woman, already a widow for the second time. Her first husband was Enguerrand (Ingelram), son of Hugh II., Count of Ponthieu, and Sire d'Aumale, in right of his mother Beriha, the heiress of Guernifroi. By him she had a daughter named after herself, Adeliza, who inherited Aumale. Enguerrand was killed in an ambush at St. Aubin in 1053, and she remarried in the following year Lambert, Count of Lenz in Artois (the brother of Eustace II., Count of Boulogne), and had another daughter called Judith the richly-dowered Countess Judith of Domesday. Lambert scarcely lived long enough to see the birth of his child, for he fell in battle at Lille, in 1055. She then bestowed her hand on Odo, and by him was the mother of Stephen, who appears to have held Aumale by joint-tenure with his elder half-sister Adeliza, and after her death became the first Comte d'Aumale or Earl of Aibemarle.

Odo's name is not in Domesday : but we there find the " Comitissa d' Aibemarle " holding a barony in Essex, and another in Suffolk, of the King. According to Sir Henry Ellis, this was his wife ; but Mr. Planche asserts that his wife was dead before 1085, and that the Countess in question was his stepdaughter. Not long after this, he obtained the great fief that had been originally granted to Drogo de Brevere, " a Fleming of approved valour, who came over to England with William, and received for his services the Isle of Holderness, on which he built the strong castle of Skipsey, and other considerable estates in various counties, amongst them Bytham, in Lincolnshire. He is said to have married a kinswoman of the King how related to him, or how named, is not stated. Whoever she was, Drogo killed her whether by accident, or with malice prepense, does not appear in the indictment. His subsequent conduct, however, was that of a guilty man. He hastened to the King, and pretended that he was

desirous to take his wife to Flanders ; but, not having sufficient money at command for the purpose, craved assistance from his royal connection. The King, not doubting his story, gave or lent to him the sum required, with which Drogo wisely made the best of his way to the coast, and took ship for the Low Countries. The King, on learning the truth, sent orders for his arrest, but too late. Drogo was beyond his reach." Planche. But Drogo's fief, at all events, was not; it was forthwith seized and appropriated, and the vast lordship of Holderness, comprising a large tract of Yorkshire, and erroneously styled an earldom by Orderic, was bestowed upon Odo. Not content with a part, Odo coveted the whole, and, complaining that Holderness was a barren country, bearing no other grain but oats, obtained from the King, Bytham, in Lincolnshire, that he might " feed his young son with wheaten bread."

On the death of the Conqueror, Odo, after some perplexity, elected to take part with his suzerain in England against his suzerain in Normandy; yet, within five years, he had thrown off his allegiance, and joined Robert de Moubray and some other disaffected nobles in an attempt to place his own son on the throne. The King received timely warning of the plot, and both he and Stephen were arrested and thrown into prison. Odo never saw the light of day again, but ended his life in the dungeon pit to which he was consigned. None knew with certainty when he died ; but he is believed to have endured his captivity for thirteen miserable years.

Stephen was more fortunate. The King had sentenced him to have his eyes put out (one of Rufus's favourite punishments) ; but by means of the piteous prayers of his wife and family, and the payment of a large sum of money, he obtained his pardon and release. It was he who first bore the title of Earl of Albemarle. He accompanied Robert Courtheuse on his crusade, and twice rose in rebellion against Henry I. ; the second time in 1 1 29, when " of those that thus adventured, some lost their lives, some were imprisoned, and some disinherited, so that what became of this our Stephen, I can give no account." —Dugdale. By his wife, Hawise de Mortimer, he was the father of three sons and four daughters. Of the two younger sons, Stephen and Ingelram, we hear nothing ; but his successor, William, styled Le Gros, second Earl of Albemarle, was one of the greatest potentates of his day, and commanded in chief at the famous victory of Northallerton in 1 138. On the approach of the King of Scots, Archbishop Thurstan, who had the custody of the Borders, and was himself too infirm to take the field, issued his summons far and wide, and "caused a famous standard to be erected, and thereon the banners of St Peter, St. John of Beverley, and St. Wilfrid of Ripon, adding thereto the Sacred Host, to the end that all who came to it might receive the more encouragement." Around it, on the height still known as Standard Hill, was gathered the flower of the northern baronage, with some of the great names of the midland shires, William Peverel, with " the power of Nottingham," and Robert Ferrers with the men of Derby. The Bishop of Durham and Walter Espec, the black-brewed Baron of Helmsley, vigorously exhorted and harangued the rest before the action. It was fiercely contested ; and though it began with an advantage gained by the men of Lothian over the English vanguard, this first check was quickly retrieved, the tide of victory turned, and the Scots " began to shrink back, first by partes, and after by heapes together." The King and his brave son, Henry of Huntingdon, "did what he could to stay them"; but the day was utterly and irretrievably lost, and their rout and disaster complete. About 10,000 men fell in this battle, and for his great services on this memorable occasion, William Le Gros received from the King the Earldom of Yorkshire. But he tarnished his fame by his subsequent defection at Lincoln, in 1 141, for he " is said to have fled away from that fight, exposing the King to that loss he there underwent" Dugdalt.

He was the founder of several monasteries, and as a devout son of the Church, made a vow to go on pilgrimage to Jerusalem ; but, as years went by, and he "waxed very fat and gross," the prospect of so long and toilsome a journey weighed inure and more heavily on his spirits. A subtle and keen-eyed monk of Fountains, named Adam, who had presided at the building of his abbey of Vaudey, as well as of Woburn in Bedfordshire, and Kirkstead in Lincolnshire, " discerning that he was in no small trouble of mind about his vow," offered to obtain his absolution from it of the Pope, if he would undertake to build and endow another house for Cistercian monks. The Earl agreed, and the monk travelled to Rome, procured the required dispensation, and came back to claim the fulfilment of the condition. It was settled that Adam should himself choose the site of the proposed monastery, and he had ample range for his choice, as the Earl was at that time, by marriage and inheritance, the owner of the greater part of Yorkshire. He fixed upon a lovely and fruitful valley a true monk's paradise with broad lakes and flowing streams, embosomed in hanging woods ; and, climbing what was then named Our Ladies Hill, fixed his staff in the ground, crying, " This place shall be called the King's Court, the Vineyard of Heaven, and the Gate of Life. Here shall be ordained a people worshipping Christ." The poor Earl was, however, more disturbed in mind than ever; for this happened to be his favourite retreat, obtained not long before by exchange from Sir John de Meaux, a place for which he had " an extraordinary love," and had already begun to enclose for a park. But there was no going back from his word, or gainsaying the monk's prophecy. The Abbey of Meaux was built in this Naboth's vineyard, and Adam became its first abbot.

Besides these two religious houses, he founded another at Thornton-upon-Humber, where he was buried. The chronicler of Meaux recounts how, " When crossing the seas, if the vessel was in danger of being wrecked, during darkness, he remained sleepless until midnight; resigning himself then to rest in the assurance that his convents at Aumarle and Thornton had risen to their devotions, and that likewise after cock-crow, when their orisons would be finished whether sleeping or waking he was careless of the danger, and calmly awaited the return of daylight, in reliance on the prayers which he knew were arising in the choirs of Vaudey and Meaux." Aumale had been founded by his father.

His wife, Cecily, was of the blood royal of Scotland, the eldest of the three daughters of William Fitz Duncan, Earl of Murray, by Alice de Romelli, Lady of Craven, and through the death of her three brothers,* the heiress of the great barony of Skipton. It had come to her from her mother, and it passed from her to her daughter, for she brought the Earl no male heir. At his death in 1179, Hawise, the eldest of her two girls, succeeded to the Earldom of Albemarle and a vast inheritance, which she successively conveyed to her three husbands. Like all the great heiresses of that period, she was in the custody of the Crown, and one of its sources of revenue ; for the King only granted her in marriage on payment of a heavy fine, and never suffered her to remain long a widow. She was first bestowed on William de Mandeville, Earl of Essex ; then on Geoffrey de Fors or Forz (usually Latinized as De Fortibus) ; and lastly on Baldwin de

* See Lucy.

Bethune, a favourite of Richard Coeur de Lion's. When Baldwin died in 1211, and she found herself for the fourth time at the disposal of the King, she gave the enormous sum of 5000 marks " to have possession of her dowries and inheritance, and not to be compelled to marry again." *

She had no children by the Earl of Essex ; but by Geoffrey de Fortibus she had a son named William, who inherited her Earldom and great possessions ; and by Baldwin another son who died young, and a daughter named after herself, who was the first wife of William Mareschal, Earl of Pembroke. Of her younger sister, Cecily, there are two different accounts. Some say that she died early, unmarried ; others that she was the ancestress of John de Eston or Aston, who claimed the Earldom in the time of Edward I.

William de Fortibus was the next Earl of Albemarle, and Lord of Craven and Holderness; but the former had then become an empty title, for Philip Augustus, after utterly ruining the town of Aumale in 1196, had granted the entire domain to Renaud de Dammartin. " He was one of the barons present at Runnymede, and is the second whose signature is attached to the great Charter of Liberties, his arms being Bendy of 6, Argent and Gules.† He soon after fell off from his party, and attached himself to the King, being with him in the same year in that career of rapine and spoil which John pursued in the North of England. De Fortibus was well rewarded by the King, who gave him all the lands of Robert de Ros." Paulson's Holderness. Unfortunately the predatory habits thus acquired were never lost; for in the following reign," having by this course of life acquired much plunder, he could not refrain from that ravening practice,'' and when opposed, "flew into open rebellion." Henry III threw down the walls of his castle of Bytham, and Pandolf, the legate, excommunicated him; but he contrived to make his peace with both, and continued- plundering and fighting sometimes for and sometimes against the King till his death in 1241. He had vowed to go on pilgrimage to Jerusalem, and was actually on his way thither when he died at sea while crossing the Mediterranean. He married Aveline, daughter, and at length co-heiress of Richard de Montfitchet, and their only son, William, was the last Earl of his race. He does not appear to have inherited his father's turbulence and lawlessness, but lived an uneventful life, and died at Amiens in 1259. He had two wives; the first, Christian de Sully, was the daughter and co-heir of Alan of Galloway, by Margaret of Scotland, and brought him no children ; the second, Isabel, was the daughter of Baldwin de Reviers, Earl of Devon, and eventually sole heir to her brother, who died s. p. in 1262. She was the mother of three sons and two daughters; John, Thomas, William, Avice, and Aveline ; but all of them died young, except the last born,

 

* From a record in the Exchequer it appears that "the Bishop of Winchester was

fined in a tun of good wine, for his not reminding the King to give a girdle to the

Countess of Albemarle."

 

† Burke gives him an entirely different coat : Argent, a chief Gnltes.

 

Aveline," who thus, at a very early age, was left the only remaining representative of the family. The whole accumulated inheritance of her father, mother, and grandmother, with the two great Earldoms of Devon and Albemarle, and the Sovereignty of the Isle of Wight, had centered on a delicate child of six years old, and were to be the appanage of her future husband. The King had at first granted her wardship (which comprehended her disposal in marriage) to Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, for " the whole term of fifteen years of her minority," but, on second thoughts, resumed it himself, and decided that so splendidly dowered a bride should mate with none other than a Plantagenet. Aveline was accordingly married in 1269 with all due state and magnificence to his deformed second son, Edmund Crouchback, " in the presence of the King and Queen, and the greater part of the Nobility of England." She came of age in 1272, in which year her husband, " doing his fealty, had Livery of her lands." But she gave him no heirs, and in 1275, Edward L, " having a mind to all her castles and lands," came to an agreement with her to surrender them to him on certain conditions, and the payment of 20,000 marks. It is clear, however, that she could only give up the reversion of what belonged to her mother, who was still alive in fact, Dugdale's account leaves it uncertain whether this agreement was not in reality made with the mother after her own death. Aveline was certainly dead before 1277, when John de Aston put in his claim as her " right heir," and a part of her estate went to the De Playzs by reason of their relationship with the Montfichets. The King, however, retained Holderness in his own hands, and by fair or foul means succeeded in obtaining the Isle of Wight (see Reviers).

Countess Aveline was buried with great pomp in Westminster Abbey. "Her monument stands at the head of that of Aymer de Valence ; it is an altar tomb of touchstone, placed under a canopy twelve feet high, formed in imitation of those temporary structures or hearses, under which, in ancient times, the corpses of the Kings, Queens, and principal nobility were laid." Poulsoris Holderness.

Aincourt : from Aincourt, a fief in the Norman Vezin, in the deaconry ofMagny. Walter d' Aincourt holds nearly sixty manors in Domesday, chiefly in Lincolnshire, where Blankney was the head of his barony, and " the Deyncourts flourished in a continual succession, from the coming-in of the Normans to the time of Henry VI." Camden. All we know of Walter's lineage is derived from a leaden tablet inscribed to the memory of his son, William, which was found in 1670 in Lincoln Cathedral. This son, who had been brought up at the court of William Rufus, died young, and was taken from Westminster to Lincoln for his burial, sewn up in leather for the long journey * tedious and toilsome enough in those days. The inscription states that his father was "cousin to Remigius,

* A body thus preserved, and supposed to be his, was discovered in 174.1 near the

W. door of the cathedral.

 

Bishop of Lincoln, who built this church," and that he himself was of royal lineage. "This must have been through his mother; but who she was has not been discovered ; probably a relation of the King's, which would account for his Christian name of William. In the seal of Edmund, Baron d'Eyncourt, attached to the Baron's letter to the Pope (1301) a lion passant will be found in the four corners outside the shield, as if a memorial of this descent." A. S. Ellis.

Walter was succeeded by another son, Ralph, who founded Thurgarton Priory in Nottinghamshire, and was the progenitor of a line of powerful barons, whose names are connected with all the principal events of the time. One fought for Stephen at Lincoln, where his son was taken prisoner ; another (the husband of a great Lincolnshire heiress, Nichola de Haia) forfeited his barony under King John, by whom it was granted to Philip Mark, " then an eminent man in Nottinghamshire," but recovered it by the usual means of a fine ; and a third served the two first Edwards in their French and Scottish wars. This was Edmund, Baron d'Eyncourt, first summoned to Parliament in 1293 ; who, seven years afterwards, as Edmundus de Eyncourt^ Dominus de Thurgarton^ subscribed the famous letter, asserting the supremacy of England over the realm of Scotland, that was sent to Pope Boniface VIII. by the barons assembled in Parliament at Lincoln. He was one of the nobles summoned to attend the coronation of Edward II. His two sons, John and William, both died before him. The date of John's death is not given ; but he was, with his brother, at the siege of Carlaverock in 1300, and " mult bien fist son devoir." William was killed before Stirling Castle fourteen years later, on the eve of the battle of Bannockburn :

 

" Back to the host the Douglas rode,

And soon glad tidings are abroad,

That D'Eyncourt, by stout Randolph slain,

His followers fled with loosen'd rein." Lord of the Isles.

 

John had left three sons; Edmund, who again died in -his grandfather's lifetime, William, and John. Edmund's only child, Isabel, then became heirgeneral, and as such, entitled to the succession of the barony ; but her greatgrandfather, unwilling that it should be transferred by her marriage to another family, petitioned Edward II. for license to dispose of it as he might see fit. " This Edmund, considering that his name and arms, after his death, descending to her, would be utterly extinguished ; and being cordially desirous that both his name and arms should remain to posterity ; did, in consideration of his own laudable services performed to King Edward I. and Edward II., obtain a special license from King Edward II. for power to enfeoff what person soever he pleased, in all his Lordships and Lands, Knights' Fees, with Advowsons of Churches and Abbies ; to have and to hold, to such person and his heirs for ever, of the said King, and his Heirs, by the services antiently due and of right accustomed." Dugdale. He thereupon settled the whole of his possessions on his eldest surviving grandson, William; and died, then a very old man, in 1327. To our minds, accustomed to the present rule of succession, there is something fantastic in the declaration of a man, who had two living grandsons, that his name must go down with him to the grave.

William, Lord d'Eyncourt (by a new creation in 1335), who was called upon to represent it, worthily maintained its old martial renown. He was a stout and tried soldier, whose sword, like his master's, was but seldom in its sheath ; for he followed Edward III. in his French and Scottish campaigns, fought in the great victory of Nevill's Cross, and was present at the taking of Calais. When a French invasion was threatened in 1352, he was appointed to defend the Lincolnshire coast ; and with Lord Grey of Codnor, a Commissioner of array for the counties of Derby and Notts. Seven years later, he was among those commissioned to remove the captive King of France from Hertford Castle to Somerton Castle in Somersetshire. He died about 1382, and his successor was again a grandson, William, the father of Ralph and John, who each inherited the barony. Both died early; Ralph, while still under age, in 1401, and John four years afterwards. Yet, young as he was, he left a widow and three children, the eldest of them, three years old. He had married Joan, the daughter and heir of Lord Grey of Rotherfield, and their only son William bore his title in addition to his own. This William, the last of the D'Eyncourts, proved as short-lived as his predecessors. In 1421, he "was retained by indenture to serve King Henry V. in his Warrs beyond sea, with ten men at armes, himself accounted ; and thirty archers, all on horseback," but died the year following, " at that time not full twenty-one years of age." His wife, Elizabeth, sister of John Viscount Beaumont, had remained childless ; and his two young sisters, Alice and Margaret, became his heirs. Alice, in whom were vested the two baronies of D'Eyncourt and Grey of Rotherfield, married, first, Ralph Boteler of Sudeley, who died s. p. ; and secondly Lord Lovel of Tichmarsh. Margaret married Ralph Cromwell, but had no children. The whole inheritance thence fell to the share of Alice's descendants by her second marriage ; but her grandson Francis, Viscount Beaumont, forfeited her baronies with his other honours by attainder in 1487.

Thus, within little more than one hundred years from the settlement made by the first Baron, the highly-prized name he had been so earnest to preserve and perpetuate, had altogether died out. " He was," writes Camden, " very solicitous to have it survive and be remembered. Yet this surname, for aught I can find, is now quite extinct, and would have been forgotten for ever, if the memory of it had not been preserved in books." It is, however, still borne by Wooburn-Deincourt, one of the Buckinghamshire manors held by Walter de Aincourt in 1086; and at least two attempts have been made to resuscitate it. Sir Francis Leke of Sutton, in Derbyshire, without any reason assigned (at least by Burke), chose as his title the ancient barony of Deincourt, and was subsequently created Earl of Scarsdale. Both titles expired with the fourth Earl in 1736. More recently in 1835, a Lincolnshire gentleman of the name of Tennyson added the name and arms of D'Eyncourt to his own, in compliance with a condition attached to the enjoyment of certain manors and estates, by a codicil to his father's will, " in order to commemorate his descent from the ancient and noble family of D'Eyncourt, Barons d'Eyncourt of Blankney, and his representation in blood, as co-heir of the Earls of Scarsdale, Barons d'Eyncourt of Button." His descent, through several different families, from Lady Anne Leke, daughter ot the first Earl, is sufficiently clear ; but for the more tortuous and involved pedigree, that derived him from Alice, the heiress of the D'Eyncourts, I must refer my readers to Sir Bernard Burke, as I avow myself unable to comprehend it.

Audley : an undeniable interpolation. This name was assumed from the manor of Audley or Aldithley (Aldidelege, Domesday] in Staffordshire. See Verdon.

 

Adgillam : Augilliam in Duchesne's copy : Aungeloun in Leland's. According to the Recherches sur le Domesday, this family gave its name* to the parish of Sainte-Marie-de-la-Haie d'Aigullon, which was granted in 1213 by Philip de Vassy to Jordan, Bishop of Bayeux, on the foundation of his abbey of Mondaye. Robert d'Aigullon and his son witness a charter of Stephen, Count of Chartres, in 1100. "William de Aigullon, Sire de Trie, defended Pont Audemer against Henry I. in 1123 (Ordericus Vitalis). He was the son-in-law of Theobald Paganus de Montmorency, Seneschal of Gisors, and died in Palestine, 1147." The Norman People.

"Rogerus Aculeus," a sub-tenant in the Exon Domesday, is believed to be the ancestor of the English house, which first became of note in the reign of Occur de Lion. Dugdale commences the pedigree with Manser or Manasser de Aguillon, who obtained from the King a confirmation of his land, and died before 1194, when Godfrey de St. Martin paid jioo for license to marry Constance, his widow, "with her inheritance." His successor, William, was among the barons who took up arms against King John. He, too, married an heiress, the daughter of Bartholomew Cheney, and in her right held the manor of Addington in Surrey by serjeanty, or service of the kitchen; that is, he was to find a cook at each coronation to dress a dish of meat for the King, and serve it up at the King's table. Addington had been granted by the Conqueror to his cook Tezelin, as a reward for a successful dainty, no doubt the above-mentioned dish, thus described by Dugdale : "A certain mess which being made with Fat, is called Maupigcrnon, otherwise the Mess of Gyroun." It was a pottage, and consisted of almond milk, brawn of capons, sugar and spices, chicken par-boiled and chopped, &c. Canulen, in his Britannia, gives it the strange name of DillegrouL The dish

* Lower, in his History of Sussex, declares this name to be synonymous with DC

Aquila ; but for his belief there beeius to be no ground whatever, though Aguillon is

sometimes Aquillon.

 

was to be cooked " in an earthen pot in the kitchen of our Lord the King, on the day of his coronation," and served up after the first course of the great banquet in Westminster Hall. This was ushered in with the full splendour of feudal state by a solemn procession, headed by the Lord High Steward, Lord High Constable, and Earl Marshal of England, in their peer's robes and coronets, all three on horseback, and preceded and followed by the serjeants-of-arms with their maces. Next came the Treasurer and Comptroller of the Household, then the Sewer and Assistant-Sewer, and after them twenty-four gentlemen-at-arms bearing twenty-four dishes of meat, all walking two and two. The Lord of the manor of Addington, attended by two clerks of the kitchen in satin gowns, then appeared on the scene with his mess of maupygernon, and offered it to the King.

This curious tenure still survives. When the manor passed, by the marriage of Isabel de Aguillon, to the Bardolfs, the dish was sometimes called by their name, and was evidently popular; for at the coronation of Edward III., Thomas Bardolf served up " three messes of maupygernon," one for the King, one for the Archbishop of Canterbury, and the third for whoever the King might be pleased to name. But, like other things, it fell into disuse and disfavour ; and when Mr. Thomas Leigh, at that time lord of the manor, offered his dish to Charles II. at his coronation-banquet, we are told by Ashmole that the King " accepted the service but did not eat the pottage." The last time it was presented was to George III. by Mr. Spencer, for no Lord of Addington was forthcoming at the coronation of George IV., and thus the ancient dainty was omitted from the last Royal banquet that has been held in Westminster Hall. The manor had then been sold to the Archbishop of Canterbury, who did not claim the service. " The privilege or duty now belongs to the Primate, or, more correctly speaking, perhaps, to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners."

The son of William de Aguillon another William who was Sheriff of Sussex and Surrey, Governor of Guilford Castle, and for some time Castellan of Arundel, obtained license to castellate his manor-houses of Addington and Percingeres (Perching) in Sussex, and died in 1286, leaving no heir but his daughter Isabel, married to Hugh Lord Bardolf.

In Morant's History of Essex I find mention of a Robert de Agillun or Aguyllion, to whom Henry II. granted the government of the Hundred of Lexden. His heirs were four daughters ; Isabel, mother of Adam de Cokefend ; Ela, of Luke de Poynings ; Margery, of Andrew de Saukvill, or Sackville ; and Joanna, of Ralph Fitz Bernard.

There was a branch of this family settled in Cumberland. Walter d'Aguilon came there in the train of Earl Ranulph de Meschines, and gave his name to his dwelling-place, still called the manor of Aguilon, or Aglionby. His descendants remained till 1785, when Christopher Aglionby "died a bachelor in the flower of his age, the last of the male line of this ancient family." Hutchinson 's Cumberland.

Again, I find that one of the Hampshire barons summoned to serve against Llewellyn in 1264 was Robert de Aguylon. Apparently he left only a daughter. " Robert d'Agulon," writes Woodward, " bore Gules a. fleur de lis Argent. After Joan d'Agulon became wife to John de Mohun, John or his son stuck into the maunch in his coat a hand holding the Agulon fleur de lis."

Argentoune : from the town and castle of Argenton, Berry, held in 1080 by Geoffroi, Sire d' Argenton, whose descendants continued there for twelve generations. David d' Argenton (perhaps his brother) held lands de capite in Cambridgeshire and Bedfordshire (Domesday). He is there styled David de Argentomago or Argentomo; but the name gradually lapsed into Argentein or Argentine. His manor of Wymondley in Cambridgeshire was held by grand serjeanty, "to serve the King on his coronation day with a silver cup " ; and the English Argentines consequently substituted three covered silver cups to the torteauxes that had been borne by their ancestors in France. The notices of the first generations of his posterity are very scanty. Richard de Argentine founded Wymondley Priory ; Peverel de Argentine witnessed a deed of Richard de Redvers, in favour of St. Mary's Quarr, in 1147 ; William de Argentine another granted by his successor Baldwin. Reginald (the son of another Reginald) was Sheriff of Cambridge andHuntingdon, 5, 6, 7, & 8 Richard I., and took part with the barons against John ; but " made his own composition " with Henry III. on his accession, and got back the whole of his lands. His son Richard, Constable of Hertford, Sheriff of Essex and Herts in 1223, and one of the Stewards of the King's household, " being a Noble Knight and Valiant in Arms," went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and died in 1246. Contemporary with him was Reginald de Argentine, a Knight Templar, "who, in 21 Henry III., was Standard-bearer of the Christian Army in a great Battel against the Turks, near Antioch, in the Holy Land, and carried it till his Hands and Leggs being broke, he was there slain."

Sir Richard's son, Giles (or Egidius), " a knight also of great valour," was with Henry III. in the Welsh wars, when he was taken prisoner in a sharp fight near Montgomery; afterwards followed him to Gascony, and was named castellan of the royal castle of Windsor. Soon after this, however, he joined the rebellious barons, and was one of the Council of Nine elected to govern the realm after the King's defeat and capture at Lewes. He married the heiress of  Sir R. de Aguillon, and was the father of Reginald, a baron by writ in 1297. Reginald's wife, Lora de Vere (a daughter of the Earl of Oxford), brought him an only son, Sir John, who, at his death in 1318, left a little boy, then only six months old, that was destined to be the last heir of this gallant race. Neither of these two Sir Johns were ever summoned to parliament The last died in 1382, leaving three daughters; Maud, married to Sir Ivo Fitz Warren; Joan, married to Sir Bartholomew Naunton ; and Elizabeth, married to Sir Baldwin St. George. He had in addition a son born out of wedlock, to whom he gave his name, with the manor of Wymondley, Horseheath, Argentines, and the greater part of his Cambridgeshire estates. But this son's posterity only held them for a single generation ; as Elizabeth, daughter and sole heir of the next Sir John de Argentine, carried all his possessions to her husband, William Alington (son of the Sir William who was Treasurer of Normandy in the time of Henry V. and Henry VI.) ; and her descendant, Lord Alington, presented the first silver cup to James II. at his coronation as Lord of the manor of Wymondley. The Lords Alington in their turn became extinct in 1722.

A branch of the Argentines was seated in Yorkshire, where William, the son of Robert, held one knight's fee* of Percy early in the reign of Henry I. Walter, de Argentoun was the first husband of Aaliza de Percy; and their son Roger left three co-heiresses; Agnes, Asmota, and Elizabeth. Several others of the name are mentioned ; " but the entire question of the mutual relationship of these Argentines, and of their connection with the more famous family, of which Sir Giles was so conspicuous a member, is utterly obscure."

The chief glory of the house rests on this famous Sir Giles, a knight of Rhodes, who was slain on the fatal field of Bannockburn, where

" Twa hundre payr of spuris redd

War tane of knichtis that war deid."

 

He was probably a younger son of the elder Sir Giles, one of the governing council in the baronial war who had received a writ of military summons in 1243. He bore a high reputation as a soldier, having served with great renown in the Holy Land, where he encountered and overthrew two Saracen foemen singlehanded (" Forsooth, a small matter, quoth he, for a Christian knight to slay two Paynim dogs ") ; and when summoned to join the great army that invaded Scotland in 1313, had only lately come from the wars of the Emperor Henry de Luzemburgh. Throughout the calamitous day of Bruce's triumph, when the pride and power of England were trodden in the dust, he remained in attendance on the King, and did all that mortal man might do to avert or retrieve the disaster. The unhappy Edward himself showed a spirit not unworthy of his great father or greater son. When he saw the wreck and ruin of his splendid array, and the best and noblest of his realm falling around him, he threw himself among the spears with all the courage of despair, in the vain effort to arrest the rout. He would listen to no counsel, and take no thought for his safety, till the Earl of Pembroke, seizing his bridle rein, peremptorily forced him away from the field, and hurried him along the road to Stirling. De Argentine kept

* A knight's fee called in Normandy fief d’ haubert is said to have been equal to

600 acres." In the time of Henry I. it was termed a Knyghtes-meteshom, a knight's

place or ' home ' of ' meat ' or maintenance. We have retained this term as applicable

to ecclesiastical benefices, and in Hampshire the people call any holding a Living."

Sir Francis Palgrave.

 

close by his side, till he saw him out of danger ; then, with the parting words, "God be with you, Sire ; it is not my wont to fly," turned his horse's head, and rode back to meet a soldier's death in the battle-field. Once more he laid his trusty lance in rest; once more, rising in his stirrups, shouted the dreaded war-cry, " An Argentine ! " then, charging the advancing foe, he unhorsed his first four assailants, and bore down upon the Lord of Colonsay, who was leading the pursuit. He was already wounded ; his crest had been razed by a battle-axe, and a spear had pierced one of the joints of his harness. But his arm was none the less steady, and his aim true ; the lance-thrust struck straight home, and Colonsay, reeling from his saddle, lay pinned to the ground as he fell. The stricken chieftain would not, however, die unavenged. By one mighty effort he swung his broadsword round, and, with a last furious stroke, dealt De Argentine his death-blow. Then, falling back, he died laughing like the grim Norsemen of old having paid his debt, and laid low his great adversary beside him.

The loss of De Argentine was mourned by friend and foe, and by none more heartily than by Bruce, who had been his comrade in the days gone by :

 

" ' And, O farewell ! ' the victor cried,

' Of chivalry the flower and pride,

 

The arm in battle bold,

The courteous mien, the noble race,

The stainless faith, the manly face !

Bid Ninian's convent light their shrine

For late-wake of De Argentine.

O'er better knight on death-bier laid,

Torch never gleam'd nor Mass was said!'"

 

The Lord of the Isles. Canto vi.

 

Arundell : " Rogerius Arundel " holds a Somersetshire barony of twenty-eight manors in Domesday. No one precisely knows who he was; but the generally received opinion is that he was a kinsman of Roger de Montgomeri : Collinson, in his * Somerset,' even asserts that he was the Earl's son, and according to another authority, " probably Castellan of Arundel," from whence he is credited with having derived his name. Like the town, he bore allusive arms ; arondclles (swallows or martlets), which are also the bearing of the county of Sussex. Aronddle is the older form of the modern French hirondelle. Thus Re'my Belleau writes in 1585 :

 

"Ces arondelles qui vont

Et qui sont

Du printemps les messageres."

 

But it seems certain that Roger de Arundel did not take his name from any place in England, for in the ' Recherches sur le Domesday,' we find that the Arundels were a family of very ancient standing in Normandy, and flourished there for nearly two centuries after the Conquest Eight or nine of the name are found in the Chartulary of Mont St. Michel, and the church of St. Nicolas d'Arundel, in the departement of the Arne, is also mentioned. William d'Arundel was Treasurer of the diocese of Lisieux about 1202 ; and Emma, his daughter, in a deed of gift dated 1259, speaks of the mill of Arundel, near the mouth of the river Guines. Robert de Fontaine (probably her husband) ceded to Henry, Bishop of Bayeux, his fisheries at Arundel. Their castle is believed to have stood near the mill, on the banks of the Guines ; but all trace of its site is completely lost, and it is only remembered in the ritournelle of an old ballad still chanted by the young girls of the neighbouring villages as a dance measure. It is the complainte of a peasant, whose ass has been devoured by a wolf, and who thus laments the useful back that bore his flour-sacks :

" Iilchine, povre dchine,

Plus ne portras farine

Au chateau d'Arundel."

 

The tradition of this descent was preserved till Leland's time by the Cornish Arundells, for he received from one of them the following account (giving the name of another of their Norman castles) : u Humfre Arundale told me that he thought that he cam of the Arundales in Base Normandy that were Lordes of Culy Castelle, that now is descendid to one Mounseir de la Fontaine, a French man by Heire General.

" This Arundale gyvith no part of the Armes of great Arundale of Lanheran by S. Columbes. . . . and is caullid Arundale of Trerise by a difference from Arundale of Lanheran."

But in later times it seems to have utterly disappeared. "Sir John Arundell, the last possessor of Lanherne, told me he could never understand there was any such local place in France as Arundell, though he lived long in that country, and made strict enquiry after it." Gilbert's Cornwall.

Roger Arundel's son Wido, or Guy, held under him Pourton, Dorset (Domesday). His grandson was another Roger, and the barony passed through a female heir to Gerbert de Percy in 1165. Hutching 's Dorset. John Arundel is mentioned, temp. Henry I., and Ralph Arundel, 15 Stephen. It must have been the latter, who, according to Sir John Gilbert, about the middle of the twelfth century, made the match with the heiress of Trembleth that first transplanted the family into Cornwall. Their principal seat was at Lanherne, acquired, in the reign of Henry III., through an heiress of the Pincernas or Butlers : Trerice, the home of a younger branch, came to them, temp. Edward III. There were also Arundels of Tolverne and of Trevithic, as well as in Devonshire, where the name is kept by Morchard-Arundel, Hempston- Arundel, and Yewton-Arundel, "the land that hath had longest continuance in that name within this county." There is also a Somersetshire manor Samford-Arundel, named from them. But their home was in Cornwall, where, says Carew, "the country people entitle them 'the Great Arundells,' and greatest for love, living, ami respect in the country heretofore they were." The last of the old Lanherne stock, Sir John, died in 1701, having settled his estates on his daughter's son, Richard Billinge, with the condition that he should take the name and arms of Arundell. Richard had an only daughter and heir, who married Henry, seventh Lord Arundell of Wardour, and brought him the whole property, most of which was sold by their son, "thus severing the very ancient connexion of his family with the county of Cornwall."

Lord Arundell represented a younger branch that had been seated in Wiltshire since 1527. "The first of the Arundells who established himself in Wilts," says Sir Richard Hoare, " was Sir Thomas, second son of Sir John Arundell of Lanherne, by the Lady Elizabeth Grey, daughter of Thomas, second Marquess of Dorset, to whom his father, 18 Henry VI 1 1., granted lands in Somerset and Dorset (amongst them Osmond, one of the manors granted by the Conqueror to Roger Arundel)." In 1547 he purchased of Sir Fulke Greville the Castle of Wardour, where the family have remained seated to the present day. His wife, Margaret Howard, was the sister of Henry VIIL's fifth Queen ; and, as the co-heir of her father, Lord Edmund, third son of Thomas Duke of Norfolk, " brought an ample estate to the family." But, like most of those that owned any connection with Royal blood, on whom a curious fatality seemed to rest, he died on the scaffold, executed in 1552 with Sir Michael Stanhope, Sir Ralph Vane, and Sir Miles Partridge, for complicity in the Duke of Somerset's real or supposed plot against John Dudley Duke of Northumberland. They had been staunch adherents of the Protector, and two of them were connected with him by family ties (Sir Michael was the brother, and Sir Thomas the half-brother of his Duchess): but all died protesting their innocence with their last breath, and Vane added that "his blood would make Northumberland's pillow uneasy."

Thomas, the grandson and namesake of this "famous knight," as he is styled on the monument in Tisbury Church, was the first Lord Arundell of Wardour.

Towards the end of the sixteenth century, this Thomas, then quite a young man, went over to Germany, entered the Imperial army as a volunteer, and served a campaign in Hungary against the Turks, " bearing himself manfully in the field." At the assault of the Water Tower at Gran, he took one of the enemy's standards with his own hand, and for this and other services was created a Count of the Holy Roman Empire by Rodolph II. in 1595. The Emperor, with whom he was high in favour, further made him several offers of employment, but young Arandell would not be detained abroad, and returned home the following year. He found his countrymen little disposed to acknowledge his new honours, and a warm dispute arose among the peers as to whether he should be allowed place and precedence, or any other privilege of rank. Queen Elizabeth on being appealed to, at once decided against him. She maintained there was a close tie of affection between the prince and subject, and that as chaste wives should have no glances but for their own spouses, so should faithful servants keep their eyes at home, and not gaze upon foreign crowns : and that she, for her part, did not care her sheep should wear a stranger's mark, nor dance after the whistle of every foreigner. She consequently wrote herself to the Emperor, announcing that she had forbidden her subjects to give either place or precedence to the newmade Count. King James, however, created him Baron of Wardour two years after his accession. The second lord was the husband of Lady Blanche Somerset, daughter of the Earl of Worcester, the gallant lady who with a mere handful of followers, held Wardour Castle for the King during nine days against the rebel army under Hungerford and Ludlow.* She only consented to yield it at last on the promise of honourable terms, but they were not observed, and when Lord Arundell returned to find his house occupied by the enemy, he ordered a mine to be sprung under it thus dislodging them by the destruction of his own castle, a fine building which had been decorated by his father at a great expense. But this was far from being the only sacrifice he made to the Royal cause, which indeed cost him the better part of his fortune. He commanded a regiment of horse, raised at his sole charge, in r the King's army: and died of a wound he received in the battle of Lansdown, where his thigh was broken by a brace of pistol bullets. Wardour Castle was never rebuilt till the middle of the last century.

One of the Arundells of Trerice † commanded the Royal garrison of Pendennis Castle, and though then nearly fourscore years old, and besieged both by sea and land, held out bravely till 1646. Four of his sons were in the Royal army, two of whom lost their lives in the service : and the elder, Richard, was created Baron Arundell of Trerice after the Restoration. This barony expired with the fourth lord in 1773.

Auenant. This name is not territorial, though it erroneously became D'Avenant, or Davenant, in England. It is evidently one of the familiar sobriquets or nicknames †† in which the Normans delighted; and in this instance,

 

* " Not less valiant was the Lady Arundel, who in the year 1643, with only twenty-

five men, made good this Castle for a week against thirteen hundred of the Parliament

forces, from whom (contrary to the Articles of Surrender), the Castle and Parks

received great damage." Camden.

 

† Sir John Arundel, Sheriff of Cornwall in 1471, "being forewarned that he would

be slain on the sands, forsook his house at Elford, as too maritime, and removed to

Trerice, his more inland habitation in the same county ; but he did not escape his fate,

for being Sheriff of Cornwall in that year, and the Earl of Oxford surprising Mount

Michael for the house of Lancaster, he had the king's commands, by his office, to

endeavour the reducing of it, and lost his life in a skirmish on the sands thereabouts."

Carew's Survey of Cornwall.

 

†† The Roll contains many instances of them, including Talbot, one of the greatest of

our historical names ; and they abound in the Magni Rotuli Scaccarice NormanncE, as

well as in our own official records of the twelfth century. There is the good-looking man

Belhomme, Belteste, Bellejamb, Bello Viso, Le Merveillus, with the beautiful beard,

Belebarbe ; the ugly man, Vis de Chen, Vis de Lou, Mai Taillie ; the brave man, Tire

Avant, L'Espe ; the grave man, Qui non ridet ; the undecided man, Qui va, qui vadet ;

the short man, Petitsire, Courtecuisse ; the man whose cap sits awry, Tort Chapel ; the

more unfortunate one whose neck or hand is crooked, Tort Col, Tortemayns ; the man

of doubtful lineage, Sane Mesle ; the thin man, Homo Magri (he was a Roscclin) the

grasping man, Prentout, &c.&G. Primogenitus, Probus Homo, Le Chauf, Le Mauvenu

or Malvenu, and Saunchef (brainless), speak for themselves ; but others are more

difficult of interpretation, such as Megresauce, Seignesauce, Eil de Boeuf, Quinque

panes, Bat les Boes (can this be Flog the Oxen?), Bat Lapel, Folcnfaunt (madcap?),

Peu de Let, Amara herba, Tasteavor, Embrasseterre, Baillabien, Uldebert Bona-

Filia, and Dionysia Escorche-boef. Pie de Lievre must, I fear, have been a runaway,

as Oil de Larrun was a thief; and the unhappy cognomen borne by Agnes Mala

Mulier is equally intelligible. Here and there we come upon the memorial of some

pretty woman, as Beaupel( fair skin), La Blondesse, Agnes la Bele, Amabil Blancfrunt ;

or of some love-passages, as Duceparole, Duzamour, Fynamour. Playndamour, &c.

 

at least, a highly complimentary one. The French avenant^- engaging, prepossessing was at one time adopted into our own tongue. Hengist's daughter Rowena the maiden of the " fair face and flattering tongue " is thus described :

" Of body she was right avenant,

Of fair color, with sweet semblaunt."

 

Sometimes it was given as a Christian name. " Avenant uxor Willielmi Wad." occurs in Norfolk in 1199. (Rotuli Curiae Regis.)

Contemporary with her we find Godefrid and Richard Avenant in Normandy (mentioned in the Exchequer Rolls of 1198) ; and the name was of even earlier date in England. Osbert Avenant witnesses a charter of Hugh, Abbot of St. Edmund's (elected in 1 157) to William Fitz Leo in Suffolk. " Petrus Auenaund " held of Earl Warren's fee in Gressinghall, Norfolk. " Avenant " paid a fine in Cornwall in 1213. The pedigree of the family given by Sir Richard Hoare begins with Sir John Davenant, living in the reigns of Henry III. and Edward I., but neither to him, nor to nine generations of his descendants, is any place of habitation assigned. Yet, according to Collinson, Wood-Avenant (now Wood- Advent) in Somersetshire, was held by them soon after the time of Hen. III. ; and they were very early settled in the parish of Sible-Hedingham in Essex, where in the fourteenth century Nicolas Davenant held part of a knight's fee of John, seventh Earl of Oxford. Their place (only sold in the last century) was named from them, Davenant's Land, and William, tenth in descent from Sir John, rebuilt the house in 1571, as appears by an inscription on the outer girder of the roof. His son John, citizen and merchant of London, was the father of, i, Edward, of Whiddy Island, co. Cork ; 2, John, Bishop of Salisbury, who died in 1641, and is buried in Salisbury Cathedral ; 3, William, of Breedon-super- Mont, Leicester; 4, James, and 5, Ralph. Edward's grandson, John Davenant, was of St. Martin's in New Sarum and Landlord in Wilts, where he took up his abode, and his son served as Sheriff of the county in 1686. But the next heir died childless, leaving his estate, encumbered with heavy mortgages, to his three sisters, Rebecca, Catherine, and Elizabeth, the wife of Richard Woodford.

Sir William Davenant, the Poet Laureate of Charles II. , was, according to another pedigree given in Hoare's ' Wiltshire,' the great-nephew of the William Davenant who re-built Davenant's Land. His father* kept the Crown Tavern at Oxford, and was Mayor of the town in 1621. Born in 1605, he made his first appearance at Court as the page of the Duchess of Richmond at sixteen, and subsequently lived for six or seven years in the family of Fulk Greville, Lord Brooke. The loss of his patron forced him to have recourse to the stage as a bread-winner ; and his plays and masks were acted with such success and applause that, on the death of Ben Jonson, the Queen procured for him the vacant laurel. But his lucky star was soon eclipsed by the coming storms of the Civil War. He was twice apprehended as "the King's friend"; escaped to France, returned to England to serve as Lieut-Gen, of Ordnance under one of his former pations, Lord Newcastle; was knighted for his gallantry at the siege of Gloucester ; and finally, when the royal cause was lost, went back to Paris and professed the Roman Catholic faith. It was then he commenced his principal work, ' Gondibert ' ; but the two first books, published in England, attracted little notice, and he sought to mend his fortunes in America. He embarked for Virginia, but the vessel was captured by an English cruiser, and he was imprisoned in Cowes Castle till, in 1650, he was transferred to the Tower, and ordered to be tried by a High Commission Court. His life was spared some say by the intervention of Milton but he remained in prison for two whole years. On his release the poor poet opened a theatre in Rutland House, Chester-house- yard, and received the patent of a playhouse, under the title of the Duke's Company, when his friends came back to power at the Restoration. He died eight years afterwards, and was buried with great ceremony in Westminster Abbey.

He had married Frances, daughter of James Molins, and had numerous descendants. One of these, James Davenant, of Clearbrook in Herefordshire, married Ann, daughter of Sir Robert Corbet of Stoke in Shropshire, and in the end his heiress, for both her brothers died childless, and none of her sisters rr.arried. Corbet Davenant, her only child, took the name of Corbet in 1783, and received a baronetcy three years afterwards. But he left no posterity.

Abell : '' a name which has not a very genuine sound as a surname." Sir

* It is shrewdly suspected that he was the son of Shakespeare. " Mrs. Davenant is

represented as a woman of beauty and gaiety, and a particular favourite of Shake-

speare's, who was accustomed to lodge at the Crown on his journies between Warwick

and Oxford." Chalmers. One of the young poet's first attempts in verse was an Ode

in remeir.brance of Master William Shakespeare.

 

Egerton Brydges. Nevertheless, N. Abel held lands from Lanfranc in Kent 1086 (Domesday) ; and " Joh 1 Abel et Consorti Sue" were among the Kentish gentry summoned by a writ of Edward I. in the first year of his reign " to be present at his and the Queen's coronation at Westminster on the Sunday next after the feast of St Valentine the Martyr." Hastens Kent. This was probably the same Sir John Abell of Hering Hill in Erith, afterwards knighted at the siege of Carlaverock, who was sheriff of Surrey and Sussex in 1298, 1299, 1300, and 1301 ; and left two sons; i, John, one of the Barons of the Exchequer 5 Ed. II., and 2, Walter, the owner of Foot's Cray. His coat of arms, Argent, a saltire engrailed Gules, is given in the ' Parliamentary Roll ' " probably of knights eligible to be called to the council of the nation " published by Sir Francis Palgrave. " His descendant, John Abell, died possessed of Hering Hill, about the latter end of Queen Elizabeth's reign ; but his son Samuel was the last of the family there." Ibid. A branch remained in Buckinghamshire, where six of the Abells lie buried in East Claydon Church. One of them (who died in 1661) was High Sheriff of the county. They bore Argent a saltire engrailed Azure. LipscomVs Bucks. The Abells of Essex had entirely different arms, and were, according to Morant, " originally considerable clothiers. John Abell (who died in 1558) held the Manor of Cooke's Hall of the Queen as of her Honour of Clare." In 1666, one of his descendants, William Abell, was living at Fordham, in the same county. Ibid.

Auuerne : or, according to Leland's rendering, Aveneris, probably Avesnes, from a plan so named in Normandy, called in the Exchequer Rolls of 1180-98 " Avesnes in Vulcassino." Nicholas de Aveines and William Avennes are there entered ; and " Bertinus de Avesnis, one feod lig." with " Galterus de Avesnis et frater eius," occur in Duchesne's list of Norman feudatories. In England Richard de Auene held two knight's fees in Hampshire of John de Port (Lib. Niger). Nigel de Havene, of the same county, is mentioned in 1202 (Rotulus Cancellarii). At the same date, Robert de Avesne held in Oxfordshire (Ibid.). A knight of this name had been with Cceur de Lion in the Holy Land. " On the Saturday evening, when the Christian soldiers were mustered after the battle " (of Arsoof) "the renowned knight, James d' Avennes, the friend and companion of King Richard, was amongst the missing warriors ; and the next morning at sunrise the Templars and Hospitallers went out to search the field of battle in quest of him. They found his dead body, disfigured with blood and dirt, amid a heap of the slain, and placing it upon their lances, they brought it into the camp at Arsoof amid the tears and lamentations of their brethren. It was Sunday, the 8th of September, the day of the Nativity of the blessed Virgin Mary, and the army halted at Arsoof the whole of that day for the purpose of burying the dead. A solemn mass was said by the priests, and Richard Cceur de Lion, and Guy, King of Jerusalem, accompanied by the Grand Masters of the Temple and the Hospital, and the other chieftains of the army, attended the funeral of the brave James d'Avennes, which was celebrated with great solemnity amid the tears of the warriors of the Cross." Addisorts Knights Templars. I am sorry, however, to add that this gallant knight was not an Englishman, but the " Jacques D'Avesnes croise en 1189," who belonged to the great Flemish house of that name.

Nevertheless, it is evident that he had kinsfolk in this country; for his coat of arms, "Bande d'or et de gueules de six pieces," tallies almost exactly with that assigned by Robson to the English house of Avenes or Avesness : Bendy of six, Gules and Argent, or Argent and Gules. Unfortunately no clue to its domicile is afforded us. Perhaps John de Avennes, the third husband of Anne de Valence, eldest sister and co-heir of Aymer, last Earl of Pembroke, may have belonged to it. He was no doubt the same "John Daveines, pardoned, by consent of Parliament, for all felonies and trespasses committed up to 7 August, 1318." Palgmve's ' Parl. Writs? The great heiress whom he had married brought him no children.

In some cases the name was certainly local. William and Walter de Avene of Wilts, entered in the Hundred Rolls about 1272, must have derived it from Avene in that county, a manor " mentioned in the Saxon chartulary of Wilton Abbey, in a grant of King Eadgar." Sir Richard Hoarf. The Avenes or Avones of Avonescourt in Gloucestershire, enfeoffed by the Berkeleys as early as the reign of Coeur de Lion " in processe of time drewe that sirname of Avone to them from the water or small ryver* running neere unto it. Their landes were in the time of kinge Edward the thirde the landes of John Walter, by maryage of the heire of Avone." Lives of the Berkeleys. They were sometimes called Avery, and bore Gules three chevrons Argent. Another coat of the Avenes was Gules a chevron Argent. In Dorsetshire John de Aven gave evidence at an Inquisition held at Brockhampton 32 Ed. I. Hutchiris Dorset.

Faringdon Ward was originally the property of this family. William Faryngdon, goldsmith, in 1229, " purchased of Ralph le Feure all the alder- manrie, and the appurtenances, within the city of London and the suburbs of the same, between Ludgate and Newgate, and also within the same gates which Ankeritus de Auene held, during his life, by grant of Thomas Auerne. To have and to hold to the said Ralph and his heirs, yielding one clove, or slip of gilliflower, at the feast of Easter." Stowe. This flower is then said to have been " of great rarity."

The Norman house still existed in the last century. D'Avesnes seigneur de Familly in the bailifry of Orbec, was represented at the great Assembly of the Nobles in 1789.

Aunwers : see D avers.

Angers : Ansger in Domesday, where several of the name are found. The

* " Avon, Afon, one of the commonest Kymric words for a river." Worth's Devon.

 

principal land-owner among them, who is supposed to have been of Breton origin, held considerable estates in Devonshire under Baldwin de Meules. " A branch of Angers flourished at Carclew, from temp. Henry II. (when one married Margery de Serischall or Seriseaux) till temp. Henry IV.” Gilberts Cornwall. Anger's Leigh in Somersetshire was held by the family from 1360 to 1427. John de Aunger served as knight of the shire for Leicester in three of Edward L's parliaments, and in the first held by Edward II. Josceline D'Aunger in 1169 witnessed the foundation charter of Lanercost Abbey, and Ralph de Angers in the thirteenth century held lands in Wilts. Ralph de Aungers was Sheriff of Notts, 49 and 50 Henry III. The name, transmuted to Hanger, appears in Gloucestershire, where Sir George Hanger of Driftield was High Sheriff in 1695 ; and "hath a large handsome house, and pleasant gardens near the church, and a large estate." Atkyn's Gloucestershire. Gabriel Hanger, a cadet of this house, was created Baron Coleraine of Coleraine, co. Londonderry, in 1762, and the title was successively borne by his three sons: but as none of them ever married, it expired with the last in 1824. Another Irish peerage had been granted in 1621 to Sir Francis Aungier, appointed Master of the Rolls in 1609, and descended, as Sir Bernard Burke informs us, from a Cambridgeshire family. He had settled in Ireland, having married a sister of the Earl of Kildare's, and took the title of Baron Aungier ot Longford. His grandson Francis, who filled several offices of trust in the latter end of the same century, being Keeper of the Great Seal, Master of the Ordnance, and Constable of Carrickfergus, received a Viscounty in 1675, and an Earldom two years afterwards both with remainder to his brother Ambrose, as his wife, the widowed Countess of Gowran (one of the co-heiresses of the Earl of Donegal), had proved childless. But Ambrose, the second Earl of Longford, also d. s. p. within four years in 1704; and the title, thus early extinct, was re-granted in 1785 to the daughter and heir of his great-nephew Francis Cuff, and by her conveyed to the Pakenhams.

Angenoun : or rather, as Leland gives it, Aungewyne, for Angevinus or L' Angevin. This was a Norman family, whose habitat is not ascertained. In 1202 Robert 1'Angevin, with the consent of his elder brother, Henri de Burnodivilla, granted to the monks of Aunay his lands at Montortaire ; and some traces of the family are to be found down to the seventeenth century. Osmond and Guy 1'Angevin (probably brothers) both appear in Domesday : the former held the manor of Witham in Essex ; the latter under the Count de Boulogne in Norfolk. From one or other of these descended William 1'Angevin or Angevin, settled at Churchfield in Northamptonshire, who died in 1199. Another William (perhaps his son) in 1250 held, in addition, Waplode in Lincolnshire, and was father of a third William, who left an only child, Margaret, still a minor when her mother died in 1276. She married Sir Hugh de (iorhum, who possessed ChurchtieKl and Waplode in her right. In Warwickshire “ William Angevin antiently enfeoffed by Robert de Tayden" (probably the Angevin of Churchfield), " father of Nigel, gave the total of what he had at Hodnell to the monks of Combe, excepting two yard land reserved for his own use, afterwards bestowed upon them by Nigel his son." Dugdale. This was in the time of Henry II.

In Norfolk the descendants of Guy 1'Angevin, who was Lord of Bereford under Earl Eustace, continued till 1417. His grandson Sir Robert, "wrote himself sometimes de Massingham and sometimes de Thorpe, having lordships in these towns, and held seven fees, with those in Anmere, &c., about the year 1200 of the honour of Bologne." Blomfields Norfolk. From that time forward, however, they were invariably styled Thorpe of Ash well Thorpe : Sir Hugh de Thorpe, Sir Robert's son, was a benefactor to Castle Acre Priory ; and in the next generation Sir John de Thorpe sealed with a cheque Or and Gules, a fesse in a bordure Argent. The last of the name, Sir Edmund, was slain, at the siege of Lovers Castle, Normandy, in 1417, and was brought home to be buried at Ashwellthorpe, where he and his lady lie "in a stately tomb of white alabaster, under a canopy of wood." He -left two daughters and co-heirs ; Joan, first married to Sir Robert Echingham, and then to Sir John Clifton ; and Isabel, the wife of Philip Tilney. The arms of Thorpe were then entirely different ; for they bore Azure three crescents Argent.

Archere. "Willelmus Arcarius" held a barony in the hundred of Sunburne, in Hampshire. (Domesday.) This family took its name from the office it held under the Dukes of Normandy before the Conquest. Its derivation is rather uncertain, but a family of L'Archer, still flourishing in Brittany, bears the same three arrows that were borne by the English Archers, differenced in tincture. The latter claim as their ancestor Fulbert 1'Archer, the father of Robert, to whom the Conqueror entrusted the charge of his son, afterwards Henry I. But Robert the tutor was the son of William (see Fitz William) and not of Fulbert, who is neither found in Domesday, nor in any list now extant of the Conqueror's companions. According to the habit of those times, Robert only took the name of Archer after his father's death, and was the undoubted progenitor of the Barons Archer. Recherches sur le Domesday.

On his accession to the throne, Henry I. proved his gratitude to his former tutor by considerable grants of land ; and Robert 1' Archer added to these by marrying an heiress. His wife Sebit, the daughter of Henry de Villiers, sewer of the Earl of Warwick, brought him Umberslade in Warwickshire, which he transmitted, to nineteen generations of his descendants in the male line. It was a regular and monotonous succession, unbroken by forfeiture or attainders, and unmarked by any violent transitions of fortune. His grandson was champion to Thomas Earl of Warwick, who by special grant conferred on him and his heirs, liberty to hunt and hawk in his demesne, paying twelve broad arrows and a couple of capons yearly at Whitsuntide as an acknowledgment. Thomas Archer served under John of Gaunt in the French wars; and was taken prisoner in 1373 while on a foraging expedition at Ouchy-le-Chateau near Soissons. His successor, again, was summoned in 1419, "as one that did bear ancient arms from his ancestors," to serve the King in person for the defence of the realm. Sir Simon Archer, sheriff of Warwickshire in 1627, a man of letters well versed in antiquarian lore, aided Sir William Dugdale in compiling his history of the county. Thomas, his son, was a colonel in the service of the parliament, and raised a troop of horse at his own expense ; but, on discovering the ulterior designs of his leaders, threw up his commission and left England ; remaining abroad till the Restoration. His grandson was created Lord Archer of Umberslade in 1747; but this title expired in 1778 with Andrew, second lord, who left three daughters and coheiresses ; i. Sarah, first Countess of Plymouth and then Countess Amherst ; 2. Elizabeth, married to Christopher Musgrave, a cadet of the house of Eden Hall ; and 3. Maria, married to Henry Howard of Corby. All, except Maria, left children.

Sir Bernard Burke claims a descent from this house, for an Irish family of the name, " settled at a very remote period, in Kilkenny," and now resident at Mount John, Wicklow. The Cornish Archers (one of whom represented Helston in parliament, temp. Henry VI.), bear totally different arms.

Another family, the Sherburnes of Stonyhurst in Lancashire, claimed descent from " a grandson of Geoffrey L'Arbalestrier (or Galfridus Balistrarius) named Robert de Shyrburne, to whom, temp. Richard I., John Earl of Morton, gave six carucates of land in Haconsall and Preesall. Robert had the manor of Hameldon by gift of his grandfather, and survived to 45 Hen. II." Bain's Lancashire. His grandson and namesake was Seneschal of Wiswall and Blackburnshire, having married the co-heiress of Wiswall; and his greatgrandson attended Edward I. to the siege of Calais. Sir Nicholas Sherborne, who was created a baronet in 1685, was the last of the family. His son only lived to be nine years old, and his daughter, who was the wife of Thomas, eighth Duke of Norfolk, had no children.* On her death in 1754, the estate reverted to the son of her aunt Elizabeth, Humphrey Weld of Lulworth Castle ; and in 1794 Stonyhurst was leased to the Jesuit Fathers that had been expelled from

* The Duchess gives an account of her father and mother on the stately monument

that she erected to their memory in Milton Church. It is a wholesome picture of

simple old-fashioned kindness and goodwill. Sir Nicholas imported wool from Jersey,

and had all his poor neighbours taught to spin at Stonyhurst, where, for more than a

year several rooms were set apart for their use. When all had learned their lesson, he

gave to each a pound of wool ready for spinning, and " a wheel to set up for them-

selves." His wife survived him ten years, and "continued as long as she lived tiding

good." She and her husband yearly distributed a sum of money to the pour <n All

Saints' Day, "she serving them with her own hands" ; and she sedulously attended to

the sick and needy, keeping a store of medicines and necessaries“ an apothacary’s

shop" in her house for all who came.

 

Liege by the proscriptions of the French Revolution, and became a great Roman Catholic college. "The venerable house, which stands on an eminence, commanding extensive views of Calderbottom and Ribblesdale, yet screened from the north by the vast bulk of Longridge, was probably begun by Sir Richard Sherburne, who died 1594, and finished by his son, as the arms of both, with their cyphers and the date 1596, appear on the drawing-room chimney-piece. The domestic chapel was, according to the custom of our old mansions, above the gateway, till within memory, when a spacious and handsome oratory was fitted up, which, together with the size and general disposition of the apartments, rendered the whole easily convertible to the purpose to which it has been munificently devoted by the owner a large Catholic seminary." Whitaker. Stoke-Archer, in Gloucestershire, takes its name from a family that held it by serjeancy, and ended with Geoffrey le Archer in 1350. His daughter and eventual heiress, Joan, had two husbands ; the second, who married her when she was " the elderly and wealthy widow of Sir Thomas de Berkeley," was Sir William Whittington of Pauntley, the father of the famous Dick Whittington, who became Lord Mayor of London.

Anuay : either for Aunou or Alnet (De Alneto). The " Sire de Alnei " was one of the five knights who, at the battle of Hastings, " challenged Harold the King to come forth, and said to the English, * Stay ! stay ! where is your King ? he that perjured himself to William ? He is a dead man, if we find him.' " This was, according to Wace's commentator, " Fulk d' Aunou, one of the numerous family of Baudry-le-Teuton, by a daughter of Richard de Bienfaite; and the place in question is probably Aunou-le-Faucon, arrondissement of Argentan. There was also in earlier times a Fulk de Aneio, or Aneto ; who was of the Vernon family (the son of Osmond de Centumvillis, and one of Gunnor's sisters), and derived his name from Anet, a little south of Ivry. The two Fulks and their families seem to have been sometimes confounded." The confusion became all the greater because, though in France the two houses remained distinct as D' Aunou and D'Anet, in England the two names (as in the case of Cheney) were merged into one as Daunay. To add to the complication, a third family named Alno was settled in Somersetshire, derived from William d'Alno, who in 1086 held of Robert Gernon in Suffolk. He belonged to the house of Bricqueville, who possessed the castle of Aune or Alno in the Cotentin, and probably took its Latinized name for his own. Singularly enough, it is the only one of the three that is found in Domesday, though we are told that Fulk d'Aunon had furnished a