—civil privileges connected therewith, 29.— Grant of two pennies out of three in the county—and the maritime customs of Dengemareis —Right of wreck, 30.—Grant of the manor of Alsistone, in Sussex—of Liminesfield, in Surrey—of Hou, in Essex, 31—of Bristoldestone, in Berkshire—of Craumareis, in Oxfordshire—of Culuntun, in Devonshire—of the chapel of St. Olave's, Exeter—further account of this chapel, 31.—Repetition of the privileges granted to the abbey by the King, 33.—Grant of a meadow in Bodeham from Osbern Fitz-Hugh, 34.— Of St. John's Brecknock, from Bernard Novo Mercato — Of Berington, in Herefordshire, from Agnes his wife, 35. —Of one hide of land at Shoreham, in Sussex, with other gifts, from William de Braiosa ; another in Herincgeham, 36—and in Langlentune.—Death of William the Conqueror, 37.—The Writer's reflections on this event.
A. D. 1087-1095.
William II. crowned at London by Archbishop Lanfranc—gives his father's pall and feretory to the abbey of Battle, 40.--Bestows upon them the manor of Bromham, in Wiltshire—dedication of their church—the King, with Archbishop Anselm, and various other bishops, attend it.
A. D. 1095.
The King bestows on the abbey certain churches in Suffolk, Norfolk, and Essex, 41— viz. Exelings, Trilawe, Middehale, Norton, Brantham with the chapelries of Bercholt, Selfelege, Benetlege, Scotlege, the church of Mendlesham cum Andreeston, Branford with Burstale and Æilbrichteston, Eilesham with two parts of the tithes of the chapelries of Stiffkey and Schppden, Brundele and Banningham with a moiety of Ingeworth, 42.—Death of Abbot Gausbert.
The monks apply to the King to have a new Abbot appointed out of their own number, 43.—He appoints Henry, Prior of Christ Church, Canterbury, at the suggestion of Archbishop Anselm.
A. D. 1096 —1100.
Henry elected Abbot of Battle, June 11 ; 44.-Shows too great partiality to the monks of Canterbury—Ralph, Bishop of Chichester, refuses him benediction, except in the cathedral church—a dissension arises, owing to the Abbot's remissness.—The King grants ten marks out of their property to a monk of Flagi—the Abbot sells the silver fringe of the feretory to pay him, 45.—The Divine judgment upon this act.
A. D. 1100-1102.
William II. dies in the New Forest, 46--is buried at Winchester—Henry I. crowned at Westminster.
A. D. 1102-1107.
Abbot Henry dies, 47.-The King sends one of his chaplains, named Vivian, to superintend the abbey - transfers the government of it to Gausfridus, a monk of St. Carileph-who improves the abbey estates, farms, and pensions-visits the manor of Wi, which had been bestowed on a servant of the late Abbot, who had allowed it to run to waste-cites the tenant to appear in his court at Battle, 48. — His prudence in managing the case— obtains from the opposing party a recognition of his jurisdiction, 49—and the tenant is fined.
A wreck in Dengemareis claimed by the abbey—a dispute arising, judgment is given in their favour— the goods distributed among the servants.
William, Abbot of Marmoutier, attends the King's coronation at Winchester—takes this occasion to urge his claim to the right of jurisdiction over Battle—Gausfridus gets notice of it-provides against it-upon the Abbot alleging the King's verbal promise in his favour, the council declare that the promise is invalid without a written testimony— the King, to allay his disappointment, grants him the manor of Torvertune, in Devonshire, and the church of Chosham, in Wiltshire, 51.—Death of Gausfridus.
A. D. 1107-1125.
Henry I. calls a general council—fills up the vacant ecclesiastical appointments -nominates Ralph, Prior of Rochester, a monk of Caen, to the abbey of Battle, 52.- His election-his virtues-the church flourishes under his management—purchases three wistæ of land from Ingelran, a retainer of Withelardus de Bailol, for fifty-seven shillings-Ingelran bestows on the abbey a tithe of all his profits in Boccholte, 53.—Gives them a piece of land —they purchase the manor of Glesham from Gerold de Normanville for twenty marks silver-receive as a free gift from one Weningus the church of Westefelde, with one wista of land and the judicium aguæ belonging thereto—. also William Fitz-Wibert gives them a tithe of all the money arising from his land in Bocstepe, and at his death land to the amount of ten shillings on the same estate.— At this time they purchase Dudilande and Bregeselle from Anselm de Fraelvilla for eleven marks silver, 54.—The same Anselm bestows on them a certain parcel of land for salt-pits, an acre of meadow, and the tithes of Glesi.
William de St. Leodegarius grants them his land in Prunhelle, beyond Winchelsea, on the payment of twenty- three shillings at the feast of St. John the Baptist, and another moiety on St. Andrew's Day-Osbern Fitz-Isilia gives them two salt-pits, and land for a third at Rye— and Emma, the wife of Osbern, land to the value of six shillings, in the manor of Bodeham, and a mill in Normandy near Crivil, 55.
Henry I. gives to the abbey the manor of Fundintune, in exchange for the abbey lands in Reading—founds a religious house there—the monks change Fundintune for Apeldreham, near Chichester-the King further bestows on them the churches of St. Peter's, Carmarthen, and St.Theodore's, 56.—Increases his gift by a parcel of land named Pentewi.
The Abbot of Battle treats with Ralph, Bishop of Chichester, to obtain exemption from all episcopal dues for the chapel of St. Mary's beyond the walls—the Bishop consents-permits the Abbot to appoint the incumbent— excuses him from attending the Bishop's synods, 57.
These exemptions confirmed in writing-in testimony of which, the monks give to the church of Chichester a copy of the letters of St. Jeroin, and the better to secure the rights of the house, the Bishop solemnly and publicly recites them during service time, at the winter feast held at St. Martin's.
The Abbot makes a new feretory of gold, silver, and precious stones, to supply the one which had been spoiled by his predecessor, 58.—Has it blessed by the Bishop.
At this time, a contest arising between the monks and the neighbouring land-owners respecting their boundaries, the King orders the land to be accurately measured and surveyed.—The commendation of Abbot Ralph—his activity-his piety-the works which he did—his tenderness towards his brethren-his zeal for their souls-his gentleness in correction -his winning example—like Martha, and yet like Mary—a serpent and a dove—a Noah in the waters.—His last sickness and death, 60.
Roger, Bishop of Salisbury, Chief Justice—appoints John Belet to take care of the abbey during the vacancy.
A. D. 1125 —1135.
The King publishes an edict commanding all vacant Churches and religious houses to send over their deputies to meet him in Normandy-nominates Warner, a monk of Canterbury, to be Abbot of Battle, 6I.—The new Abbot receives benediction from the Archbishop of Canterbury----provides against the great famine of this year.
To gratify Bernard, Bishop of St. David's, the King gives the Abbey Langenherste in exchange for St. Peter's, Carmarthen, 62.
The new Abbot is summoned by his diocesan to appear at his synod at Chichester—refuses the summons—but goes of his own free-will—protects his rights and satisfies the Bishop— employed in repairing and decorating the church—in collecting and purchasing furniture for the altar and the service, 63.
Has a quarrel with the Bishop of Chichester, which originates with the retainers of both parties— the Abbot refuses the Bishop hospitality — a great dissension arises between them, which is quieted for this time, 64.
A. D. 1135-1139.
Henry I. dies, and his body is brought into England— Stephen succeeds—is crowned at Canterbury by the Archbishop—Abbot Warner incurs the King's anger and resigns, 65.
A. D. 1139-1148.
Stephen appoints Walter, brother of the great Richard de Luci, a monk of Lonley-his prudence and activity - a wreck happens at Dengemareis — claimed by the Abbot's men, contrary to the statutes of Henry I., 66.— The Abbot summoned to Court for the wrong—defends himself on the ground that the King's statutes were not binding without the consent of the Barons-is compelled, however, to satisfy the Archbishop and his men, 67.
History of his dispute with Hilary, Bishop of Chichester.
A. D. 1148-1154.
Hilary made Bishop of Chichester, 68.—Asserts his rights as diocesan against the Abbot—the Abbot stands on his privileges, 69.—The Bishop threatens to put him under an interdict, 70—executes his threat—the Abbot complains to the King, who desires the Bishop to forbear from oppressing the church of St. Martin's, as belonging to the Crown-appoints him to appear, and have his cause tried in the great meeting of his Parliament at London—the Bishop fails to appear at the time appointed —the Abbot, having obtained from the King a confirmation of his privileges, returns home, 71.
A. D. 1154.
Stephen dies, and is buried at Feversham-the Bishop of Chichester takes the opportunity of summoning the Abbot to attend his synod-on his refusing, excommunicates him-word is brought of it to the Abbot, then in London, waiting with his brother the arrival of Henry II.
—he informs the Archbishop of the sentence, who directs the Bishop to relax the interdict for the present—Henry II. is crowned, 72.
A. D. 1155.
The King assembles a Parliament at London, and renews the ancient laws of England—confirms several charters—among others those of Battle.—Hearing this the Bishop of Chichester suggests to the Archbishop the necessity of opposing these and similar privileges; —by his influence with the King the Archbishop gets the grant to Battle annulled, 73.-The Abbot goes to the King at Westminster-after prayers persuades the King to confirm the charter—as he is about to do so, he is interrupted by the Bishop of Chichester—the King confirms the charter, and then hears arguments on both sides— after this, on occasion of the rebellion of Hugh Earl of Mortimer, the Abbot finds means of serving the King. 75.-When peace was made between the King and the Earl, 76 — the Abbot visits the King, who returns his charter to the Abbot.—In August, the same year, he crosses over to Normandy, and is well received by the King, 77. —Jealous of his influence, the Bishop of Chichester does the same.
A. D. 1156, 1157.
In Lent the Abbot is summoned by a papal brief to attend the chapter at Chichester—professes his readiness to obey, saving the rights of his church and his order— attends the chapter-his speech on entering—the Dean answers and recites the papal letter, 78, commanding his obedience to the see of Chichester—the Dean's argument, urging the same, 79.—Offers the Abbot a schedule to sign to that import, 80.-The Abbot wards it oil; 81.—Asks time for consideration, 82.—The Dean refuses, 83.—The day is wasted in discussion—neither party consenting to the other—the Dean concludes, at last, with a resolution to advise with the Bishop.
A. D. 1157-1171.
On his return, the Abbot informs his brother Richard de Luci of all that had passed at the conference ; at his suggestion the King commands the Bishop to desist from molesting the Abbot for the present, 84.-On his return to England the Abbot meets the King at his brother's castle, at Ongar, in Essex—the King appoints the Whitsuntide following to hear his cause—the case is argued before him, 85.-The Court—Richard de Luci opens the case—reads the foundation charter, 86.—After some remarks by various persons, the Court rises, 87.
The sitting resumed at the octaves of Whitsuntide— Richard de Luci again opens the case, 88.—After some remarks by the Abbot the Bishop of Chichester urges his claim in a remarkable speech, setting forth the distinction of the secular and spiritual jurisdiction, 90 — this brings on an angry discussion, 91—and frequent interruptions from the King, 92 — and others, 93, 94, 96.—The Bishop concludes with desiring that the question may be determined according to the established maxims of the canon law, 96.
The King refuses to admit his appeal, determining to abide by the decision of the great council of the realm, and the Abbot puts in his charters, 97.—After some discussion the Abbot retires to consult with his friends, and on their return into court, Thomas a Becket, the Chancellor, delivers the result of their deliberations, 98.—He answers the Bishop's objections, proceeds to comment on the papal letters demanding the Abbot's submission, 101.— Whereupon the King fires up, and asks, in great anger, whether the Bishop had procured these letters of his own authority, 102—which the Bishop denies—in the end, the Bishop finding that the King was highly incensed, resigns his claim, 103.-The parties are reconciled, and the conference terminates, 104.
The solicitude of Abbot Walter in securing the rights of his church, 105.-Prosecutes his claim to three wistas of land in Bernehorne, 106.—Obtains a decision in his favour against Gilbert de Bailol, 107—who had sold the land to one Siward of Hastings.—Upon the matter coming to no satisfactory termination, the King summons both parties before him at Clarendon—the arguments on both sides, 108.—Gilbert de Bailol denies the authenticity of the instruments produced by the Abbot, because they had no seal —his objection is overruled by Richard de Luci—sentence in the Abbot's favour, 109—possession given him.
Dispute with Robert de Iclesham respecting a part of the same land, 110—who is fined for a false accusation— a claim made on the abbey for assarts by the King's forester, Alanus de Nova-villa, is resisted, 111.—Character of this forester—a great extortioner—an anecdote respecting his death, and the King's remark thereon, 112.
The Abbot vindicates the claim of the abbey to the church of Middehale, which had been usurped by Robert de Crevecoeur, the lord of the manor, and bestowed on the Canons of Leeds, 113. --Both parties appeal to Rome — the Pope refers the cause to the Bishops of London and Salisbury, 114.—After various delays, the parties are summoned to appear at, Staines—the Abbot appears by his proctor-the opposing party failing to appear, sentence is given in favour of the abbey, 115.-The church is conferred on a clerk named Robert Philosophus, to be held on the payment of an annual pension.
The Abbot proceeds to substantiate his right to a pension from the parsonage of Trilawe, withheld by Roger, the incumbent.—After Roger's death, one Haymo Peccatum claims the right of patronage, and bestows it on a clerk named William de Orbec, 116.—The Abbot failing to obtain his rights from the civil and spiritual courts, appeals to Rome-obtains a letter from the Pope to the Bishop of London, demanding instant restitution, si super clerici in ecclesiam intrusione constaret, 117.—The parties being summoned to appear at St. Paul's, sentence is given for the Abbot, who bestows the patronage on Robert Philosophus.
At Robert's death William de Orbec is again intruded into the living by Haymo Peccatum—the Abbot brings an action against him, 118.—The parties are summoned to appear at London, but upon the latter alleging his inability to appear, by reason of his sickness, a new trial is appointed at Northampton;—the Abbot appears by one of his monks named Osmund—Haymo by his son GeoffryHaymo foregoes his claim, and William de Orbec resigns the church into the hands of the Bishop of Norwich, 119.
The Abbot now turns his attention to improving the pensions from the churches in Norfolk and the counties adjoining-which pensions, amounting to ten shillings per annum from each church, were called by the ambiguous term decimæ, 120.-Owing to their distance from Battle, and other causes, these pensions were seldom paid; and, as the expense of collecting them exceeded their value, the convent presented these churches to Richard de Bellafago, Archdeacon of Norwich, on condition of his being responsible for the due payment of all the annual pensions.—On Richard's promotion to the see of Norwich, his son Alan usurps one of these churches, named Brantham, 121— and during the reign of Stephen enjoys the benefice.— Abbot Walter, designing to visit these churches, sends his messenger, among others, to Alan de Bellafago at Brantham, demanding entertainment of him, 122.—Alan refuses it, and shortly after, on a second progress made by the Abbot, persuades Withgar, the incumbent of another of these churches (who had agreed to pay a pension of forty shillings, on condition that his son Nicholas should succeed him in the benefice), to withold the pension due to the convent, 123—affirming that himself, and not the Abbot, had the right of presentation.
The Abbot cites both parties to appear before him at St. Edmund's, 124—and, when neither would yield to his persuasions, addresses himself to the King, who was then in Normandy.
In the meantime, upon Withgar's death, Alan de Bellafago had obtained possession of the other church of Mendlesham, dispossessing Withgar's son.—The Abbot's messengers return with a precept from the King to the Justices, whereby Alan and the Abbot are required to appear at Winchester, 125.-At the hearing of the cause, Alan produces certain charters granted in his favour by Abbot Warner—whereupon, to prevent further litigation, the Abbot consents to a composition, 126—resigns Brantham to his opponent upon the annual payment of a crown (aureus) in lieu of the ten shillings usually paid, and the surrender of Mendlesham into the hands of the convent.
After the terms of the composition, Alan endeavours to lay claim to Branford, but upon a threat of having the whole matter tried again before the Judges, he solicits the Abbot's favor by Richard, Archdeacon of Poitiers, 127—consents to resign all claim for ever over any of these churches, if the Abbot would promise to present his brother Roger de Bellafago to the church of Brantham, upon payment of the same pension as was paid by himself.—The Abbot consents.—Alan professes his agreement to the terms in the Court of Exchequer, and a day is fixed upon which his brother Roger is to make his appearance at Battle, and return the charter of confirmation to the convent, but is prevented by death, 128. - Upon this, Alan de Bellafago breaks the terms of the composition, usurps the church of Brantham, and owing to the intervention of friends and the death of Abbot Walter shortly after, enjoys it several years.
The Writer's remarks upon Abbot Walter's zeal and prudence in recovering these churches-thinks that the difficulty of the task was increased by the circumstance that the lords of the manors laid claim to the right of patronage over those churches which were situated in their estates —would have preferred it, had the Abbot appointed vicars (according to the modern system), instead of taking pensions, which he might easily have done, owing to his influence with the King, 130.—The sum total of these pensions was twenty-two marks silver.
The Abbot appoints a moiety of the tithes at Wi for the sacristy at Battle, and a certain portion of white wine, spice-cakes, and simenels, &c., for his anniversary ;-solemnly anathematizes any that should infringe this order, 131.
Two milites give to the convent two portions of land near Bodeherste—purchase a parcel of land and a right of way for their estate near Bodeham, 132.-St. Martin's deprived of the honour intended it by Heaven, owing to the irreverence of the people of Battle, 133.—This honour is transferred to St. Nicholas, Exeter, 134.
Character of Abbot Walter—careful in his pastoral charge, in attending the sick and the leprous, 135.— Looks after the estates belonging to the convent—practises hospitality—visits the manors in distant parts—enriches the church—provides new vestments —builds the cloister—is taken ill at his manor of Wi-account of his last sickness, 137. - Visited by the convent — by his brother—carried to Battle-laid in the chapter on sackcloth and ashes, 138.—His benefactions.
A. D. 1171.
Richard de Luci appointed guardian during the vacancy, 139.—Nominates for his deputies Hugo de Beche and Peter de Criel, two neighbouring land-owners (milites)—who hold their office four years—and careful and diligent in the execution of it.
Richard de Luci begs the church of Wi for his son Godfrey de Luci—the monks grant him a moiety of it, 140.— Godfrey begs the other moiety from the King-the King consents, and writes a letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury, to give Godfrey institution, 141.—This causes a great contention between him and the convent.
Many churches and monasteries are vacant at this time —occasioned by the contest of the King with Thomas a Becket.—The history of their controversy.
Richard elected Archbishop of Canterbury, 144.— Henry fills up the ecclesiastical appointments which had been neglected during the long struggle between himself and the Archbishop of Canterbury;-on this occasion the monks of Battle (among others) are commanded to send deputies to Woodstock, to treat of the election of a new Abbot—the King's clerks bring them a mandate for that purpose—shortly after, another message is sent commanding them to bring their charters to the court, 147.— Struck with astonishment, and much dispirited at the order, they nominate in the meanwhile two of their members, one of whom the King is to make choice of for Abbot. —Arrival of the deputation at Woodstock-summoned to present themselves first-introduced into the presence of Gilbert Foliot, Bishop of London—the Bishop demands their credentials—asks on whom their election had fallen —objects to it—assures them the King will never consent to it—urges them by threats and flattery to make a new nomination-they refuse, 148—neither party will yield. —Alter a great part of the day had been spent in bickering, the King bursts into the room with a frowning and angry countenance—enquires the cause of all this delay. —The monks find that opposition is of no avail, and make a new choice.—They fix upon Odo, Prior of Canterbury, then just come to the court on business connected with his convent—the King and the Archbishop commend their choice, 149 - and send for Odo-the Prior is introduced with great honour—is seated between the King and the Archbishop—wonders at the reason of it—the deputies from Battle make a speech announcing their choice, 150.—Odo refuses the honour intended him, 151-and remains firm in his denial, notwithstanding the persuasions of others, 152.—When the King and the Archbishop urge him to comply, requests time for deliberation, but this is refused him ;—appeals to Rome—the King strives to gain his compliance by promises, 153.—The day is nearly spent in this sort of struggle—when Odo, remembering the example of Theophilus, 154 — and the advice given by Maurilius, Bishop of Rouen, to St. Anselm, consents at last to resign himself to their wishes, 155.—Te Deum sung—the Author's doubts as to the motives from which this appointment proceeded, 156.
Contrary to his custom, the King does not exact an oath of fealty from the new Abbot, but allows him to retire without it—goes to Canterbury—the deputies return to Battle, 157. —After some days, fearing that the Archbishop should induce the new Abbot to make submission to his former convent, and so involve them in the subjection, the convent at Battle send their deputies demanding his exemption from obedience to Canterbury—he refuses the exemption — the Archbishop grants it, and gives him benediction.
Odo takes his way to Battle, 159.—Is introduced into the chapter-ceremonies of this introduction—addresses the monks on the occasion-enters on his office, 160.—In the meantime the Dean of Chichester and others arrive— demurs to receiving his benediction from the Bishop, 161. —Applies to the King and the Archbishop on the subject —the King is persuaded to permit the Archbishop to give him benediction in his own presence-receives it in a manor belonging to the Archbishop, named Mallingam, near Lewes-returns home, 162.—Grows more strict in his life and conversation—expounds the Scriptures, and preaches in Latin, French, and English, 163.—Is invited to Canterbury by Benedict, the Prior, his successor there —has sufficient influence to gain the King's consent for Roger to be made Abbot of St. Augustine's—uses his interest with the King to get a renewal of one of the foundation charters of his abbey, which had perished by age, 164.—The King refers him to his Court—they consent to the renewal—the King grants it in an unusual form, as an original charter, 165.—The Abbot procures several copies to be signed with the King's seal.
At this time the church of St. Mary's, Battle, being vacant, which had been appropriated by the Prior and convent after the death of the late Abbot, Aluredus de S. Martino, applies for the vicarage to be bestowed on his chaplain, 166.—The convent represent to him the difficulty of granting his request—on his declining to press his suit, the Abbot bestows it on one of his kinsmen, named John, Vicar of Heriatesham, 167.-He refuses to reside, 168.— It is then offered to one Walter of Berkshire.
A. D. 1176.
The Abbot is summoned by Cardinal Hugutio to attend a general council, 170—specially to answer the complaint of Godfrey Luci, in the matter of the church of Wi-is greatly disappointed at the summons—applies, without avail, to various friends to undertake the cause-all refuse, alleging various reasons—chiefly from fear of disobliging the King or the Archbishop of Canterbury.—The Abbot is persuaded at last to apply to a foreign counsel in the train of the legate, who undertakes it for the fee of a mark—at midnight preceding the day of trial the advocate sends to decline the cause, and the Abbot is left to his own resources, 173.—Is greatly dejected ; proceeds to the court— the opposing party defended by Ivo of Cornwall — his speech on opening the case, 174.—The Abbot is thunderstruck at his arguments, 175— is at a loss how to proceed. —In the midst of his perplexity, Walerannus, Archdeacon of Bayeux, plucks Gerard Pucelle by the sleeve, and persuades him to go to the assistance of the Abbot, 176.— They retire to consult—on their return Gerard Pucelle undertakes the defence—his speech, insisting much upon the independency of the ecclesiastical jurisdiction, 176, 177.—The Judges advise a compromise, 178.—The terms of the composition.
ÆILBRICHTESTON (Suffolk), 42.
Albans, St., 65, 70.
Alsistona, 30; in Sussex, ib.
Andreeston (Suffolk), 41.
Anestia (Wilts.) 111.
Apeldreham (Sussex), 55.
Aungre Castrum (Ongar), 84.
Banningeham (Norfolk), 42.
Bearrocsira, 31, 168.
Bellum, 3, 7, 9, &c.
Berintona (Beryngton, Herefordshire),35.
Bernehorne, 53, 105, 107.
Bodeham, 11, 12, 34, 54.
Bodeherste, 11, 12, 18, 131.
Bodeherstegate, 10, 19.
Brantham, 41, 42, 123.
Brecchennio, Castrum de, 34.
Bregge, Castrum de, 75.
Brembra (Bramber, in Sussex), 35.
Bristwoldingtuna, 31; (Berks), ib.,111.
Bromham, in Wilts, 40, 111.
Brundele (Norfolk), 42.
Bulintune, 11, 19.
Burgum (Peterborough), 163.
Cattesfelde, 11, 19.
Chærmerdi (Carmarthen), 55.
Cicestria, 55, 56.
Colecestria, 85, 104, 122.
Craumareis, 31; in Oxfordshire, ib.
Crevil, in Normandy, 55.
Croherste, 10, 11.
Culuntuna, 31; (Devonshire), ib., 32.
Dengemareis, 29, 49, 54, 65, 66.
Devenesira (Devonshire), 51.
Edmundus, S. (St. Edmondsbury), 84, 124.
Eilesham, 42, 130.
Exelinges (Suffolk), 41.
Flagi, in Normandy, 44.
Hastinges, 3, 101.
Hechelande, a hill near Hastings, 3,11, 18, 19.
Herste, 7, 19.
Hon, 11i in Essex, 31, 84.
John's, St., in Brecchenio (Brecknock), 34.
Lametha (Lambeth), 74.
Langlentuna, 36; in Heregrave, 36.
Limnesfelde, 30; (Surrey), ib.
Loxebeche, 19, 20.
Majus Monasterium (Marmoutier), 4, 7, 50.
Malfosse, near Hastings, 5.
Mariscus de S. Martino, 53.
Mary's, St., Battle, 19, 165.
Mendlesham, 41, 122,
Middehala (Suffolk), 41, 113, 115, 130.
Nicholas, St., Exeter, 33, 134,
Nirefeld (Nedrefeld), 10.
Olave's, St., Exeter, 31.
Paul's, St., London, 117.
Pentewi, near Carmarthen, 56.
Petlee, 18, 19.
Petrus, St., in Wallia, 55.
Pevenesel, Castrum (Pevensey), 2.
Puchehole, 11, 18.
Quarrere, 20, 21.
Radingæ (Reading), 31, 55, 64.
Ilia (Rye), 54.
Sanford, in Essex, 41.
Santlache 19, 20.
Sorham, in Sussex, 35.
Stene, La, 18.
Telleham, 18, 19.
Torvertuna, in Devonshire, 51.
Trilawe (Suffolk), 41, 115, 117.
Uccheham, 17, 19, 20.
Vetus Villa, in Wales,
Watlingetuna, 12, 19.
Wedestoche, 145, 147.
Westmonasterium, 64, 73, 76, 169.
Wi, manor of, 28, 29, 47, 65, 130.
AMBRA,35 ; a measure of salt, equivalent to four bushels.—Ellis'" Doomsday," i. 133.
Acra, an acre, = 40 X 4 or 20 x 8 perches, 11; ad mensuram Norman. 34. On the use of the word equivalent to ager, see Hearne's "Langtoft," p. 519.
Berwica, " manerium uel potius membrum manerii a corpore dissieum." MS. Reg. de Bello. Blodwite, fine for blood-shedding, 24. Boscus, a wood, 18.
Brasium, 12, 15, 16, malt ; brasseur, Angl. brewer.
Caligæ ferrety, 132.
Companagium,16, n., provision of any kind excepting bread; " quicquid cibi cum pane sumitur." — Spelmann. Sometimes used for fish or an equivalent; "ad nonam 4 panes et 8 harings (herrings), vel aliud companagium quod tantum valet." —Custum. de Hecham, quoted by Spelmann.
Conredium, 18, al. corrodium, corredium, diet or maintenance; sometimes for a term of life, sometimes for a particular occasion, or a single meal.
Curia, 12, 16, 18, 20, 24, 27, a court; like the word court, used ambiguously. Ie signifies the precincts or buildings of a monastery, sometimes the monastery itself, and sometimes jurisdiction. More rarely it is employed to designate a family or household.
Denarius tertius, 29, the third penny of all profits arising from markets
and forfeitures paid to the Earl of each county ; sometimes extended to all the ordinary duties paid to the Crown, the third penny of all customary payments.—See Heywood's "Ranks of the Anglo- Saxons," p. 100.
Denarius olei et synodi, 56.
Denegeld, 24, a tax of 12d. levied from every hide, originally to provide help against the Danes ; it was discontinued (at least under this title) in Stephen's reign.
Dominium, 17,—in dominio tenere,— demesne lands; the expression is used in various ways, but here it seems to imply either that the land paid no service or rent (liberum tenementum, according to Spelmann, Gloss. p. 182), or that it was not leased out, but cultivated by the Abbey servants for the use of the house.
Exarta, or essarta, lands cleared of wood and brought into cultivation, 111. Spelmann quotes a charter granted by Henry I. to the Abbots of Romsey, whereby the King exempts them from all claim for essarts and forester's visits.—Gloss. p. 202.
Ferra et clavi (horse-shoes and nails), 18.
Forisfacturæ, forfeiture, 41. Christianitatis, 26.
Forstal, 24, obstruction of the highway; hence the obstruction of provisions by forestalling the markets; preemption.
Galon, 131, a gallon, = 8 pounds, or 8 x 12 ounces.
Geldum, 24, 28, a fine or tax. Guastellum, 131, or Wastellum, wastell bread.
Hamsocne, 24, house-breaking.
Hida, 10, = 8 virgates.
Hidagium, 24, a tax of six shillings collected by the Conqueror from every hide of land.
Hundreda, 24, a hundred.
Infangenetheof, 24, power of trying a thief taken within the limits of the Lord's manor or barony.
Judicium aquæ, 53.
Læstagium, 24, market dues.
Leuga, 9, 10 n., 26, 181, r.--12 quarenteines ; 11. Sometimes called a league ; the land surrounding a monastery; by Ingulph stated to be equivalent to an English mile, by others to a mile and a half.—See Spelmann, in voe., and Ellis' " Doomsday," i. 159.
Liberatio, 26, provision or diet.—See App. (C.)
Mansura, 12 n., 20, 35, a messuage, a manse.—See Hearne's " Langtoft," p. 596.
Minister curiæ, 16.
Misericordia, 17, n. " mulcta leniorgraviores enim muletos fines vocant, atrocissimas redemptiones."—Spel in voc. ; see also Hearne's " Langtoft," p. 522.
Ortolanus, i, g. hortolanus, 15.
Pertica, perch, = 16 feet, 11. Porcarius, 13, 15.
Præbenda, 18, 31, a portion or allowance of corn for horses.—See Spelmann, i. v. Præbendarius.
Procuratio, 47, hospitality ; entertainment or provision given to an ordinary at his institution; afterwards commuted for a sum of money. Hence our word proxy.
Quarenteina = 40 perches, 11, n. Quartarium, quarter of corn — 8 bushels.
Saka, 24, or Saca, right of holding pleas by a lord in his own manor.
Salina,54, salt-pit, or salt-works.—See Ellis in " Doomsday," i. 126.
Scotum, 24, 28, exemption from taxes. Secretarius, 16.
Servitium, 13, service rendered by a tenant to his lord.
Signum coronæ, 82.
Simenelli lx. solidorum, 23, 131, a better sort of bread.
Socheman, 42, tenants in the soe or franchise of a great baron, holding in a kind of free villenage.—See Ellis, ib. 69.
Socna, 24, right of investigation previous to holding pleas ; thence, perhaps, the privilege of holding pleas.
Solidi, 23, 1/3 oz. silver.
Summa, 12, n.
Swulinga, 28 = to 1 hyde.—See Spelmann, in voc; Ellis, ib. 154.
Theam, 24, a privilege exercised by the lord of a manor for restraining bondmen and villeins, and bringing them to answer in his own court.— Ellis, 16, 276.
Virgata, 10, eight = 1 hyde, 11. In other parts of England, four = 1 hyde, or 160 acres.—See Hearne's "Langtoft," p. 601; Ellis, ib. 155.
Warenna, 33, warren, right of taking game.
Warpeni, 24, guard-penny ; the sum paid to a castellan or superior for protection.
Vista, = 4 virgates, 11; aliis in lochs virgatæ vocantur, 17; three, worth 57s., 53. " Virgata terræ et wista idem sunt et unum significant. Virgata seu wista est sexta decima pars unius feodi militis. Quatuor virgatæ seu wistæ faciunt unam by- dam ; quatuor hydæ faciunt unum feodum militis." Reg. de Bello, i. 136. MS.
HISTORIA FUNDATIO NIS,
MONASTERII DE BELLO.
I have not converted the rest of the text as it is in Latin